We evaluated intracranial failure after hippocampus-avoidance-prophylactic cranial irradiation (HA-PCI) for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Data of 106 patients who received PCI with 25 Gy were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether they underwent HA-PCI: the HA-PCI group (n = 48) and the conventional PCI (C-PCI) group (n = 58). Twenty-one patients experienced intracranial failure: 11 and 10 patients in the C-PCI and HA-PCI groups, respectively. Using the log-rank test, the intracranial failure rate was not significantly different between the groups (p = 0.215). No clinical factor was significantly associated with intracranial failure in multivariate Cox regression analysis, but HA-PCI tended to be associated with increased incidence of intracranial failure (HR 2.87, 95% CI 0.86–9.58, p = 0.087). Among patients who received HA-PCI, two developed peri-hippocampal recurrence. A higher thoracic radiotherapy dose (≥ 60 Gy) was significantly associated with DFS (HR 0.52, p = 0.048) and OS (HR 0.35, p = 0.003). However, HA-PCI was associated with neither DFS nor OS. Although HA-PCI may be associated with an increased risk of intracranial failure, HA-PCI did not impair disease control or survival. Future prospective randomized trials are needed to reach a definite conclusion.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a Dongin Sports research grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2017-0105).
© 2021, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes