The aim of the study described here was to determine whether vascularity patterns on Doppler ultrasonography (US) differentiate benign and malignant thyroid nodules with the intermediate suspicion pattern based on the 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines. A total of 411 benign or malignant thyroid nodules from 406 patients with intermediate-suspicion US features were retrospectively collected. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses with the generalized estimating equation were used to identify factors predicting malignancy, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. The vascularity patterns significantly differed between the benign (353 of 411, 85.9%) and malignant (58 of 411, 14.1%) nodules (p = 0.005). Only intranodular vascularity was significantly associated with malignancy on univariate analysis (p = 0.006) and was an independent predictor of malignancy on multivariate analysis (p = 0.004). In conclusion, intranodular vascularity on Doppler US may be useful for predicting malignancy in thyroid nodules with the intermediate-suspicion pattern.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Jun|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics