Aims: In many countries, drug-eluting stent implantation is the dominant interventional strategy. We evaluated the clinical, angiographic, procedural, and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) predictors of angiographic restenosis after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation. Methods and results: SES implantation was successfully performed in 550 patients with 670 native coronary lesions. Six-month follow-up angiography was performed in 449 patients (81.6%) with 543 lesions (81.1%). Clinical, angiographic, procedural, and IVUS predictors of restenosis were determined. Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictors of angiographic restenosis were post-procedural final minimum stent area by IVUS [odds ratio (OR)=0.586, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.387-0.888, P=0.012] and IVUS-measured stent length (OR=1.029, 95% CI 1.002-1.056, P=0.035). Final minimum stent area by IVUS and IVUS-measured stent length that best separated restenosis from non-restenosis were 5.5 mm2 and 40 mm, respectively. Lesions with final minimum stent area <5.5 mm2 and stent length >40 mm had the highest rate of angiographic restenosis [17.7% (11/62)], P<0.001 compared with other groups. Conclusion: Independent predictors of angiographic restenosis after SES implantation were post-procedural final minimum stent area by IVUS and IVUS-measured stent length. The angiographic restenosis rate was highest in lesions with stent area <5.5 mm2 and stent length >40 mm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine