Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a serious and lethal complication among organ transplant recipients. This report described the clinical manifestations and treatment of IPA over a 28-year period. From January 1979 to December 2007, 3215 organ transplant patients (2954 kidney and 261 liver recipients) were enrolled in the study. Nine patients developed IPA (7 kidney and 2 liver recipients), yielding an incidence of 0.003% (9/3215). Five IPA patients (55.6%) were diagnosed by transbronchial lung biopsy or autopsy, and 3 (33.3%) by sputum culture study. One patient was diagnosed through clinical manifestations and observations of IPA characteristics on chest X ray. We used amphotericin B (n = 4; 44.4%), voriconazole (n = 2; 22.2%), or fluconazole (n = 1; 11.1%) as the primary antifungal agents, but 2 patients could not receive antifungal agents due to rapid disease progression and sequential mortality. This study showed a high mortality rate among IPA patients (55.6%; 5/9). Only patients who received early antifungal agent thereby after a prompt diagnosis recovered from IPA. This survival advantage warrants careful monitoring for invasive fungal infections after organ transplantation with immediate administration of antifungal agents or surgical intervention.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Jan|
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