Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine

Hongkil Baek, Seung Woo Lee, Joonsuk Kim, Soonho Song, Kwang Min Chun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A well-known effective way to improve thermal efficiency of spark ignition engine is to use hydrogen mixed with gasoline. Hydrogen, even in small amounts, it makes flame speed faster, knock mitigation and improves combustion stability. These benefits enable higher compression ratio, higher exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) rates and improved engine thermal efficiency. Fuel reforming is one way to get hydrogen from the internal combustion engine, using hydrocarbon fuel, exhaust gas steam and heat, hydrogen reformation is achieved using species already available in the exhaust gas. However, chemical reaction is restricted by light-off temperature of reforming catalyst, so fuel reforming is not available at low speed and low load engine operating condition due to low temperature of EGR gas to heat up catalyst. Thus, the objective of this research is to enlarge available reforming zone to low speed/low load engine operating condition by optimization of fuel reforming system using waste heat recovery and to improve fuel economy on a 4 cylinder turbo gasoline direct injection(TGDI) engine. It is verified that the combustion speed is increased, EGR limit is expanded and knock is reduced when hydrogen from On-Board fuel reforming system is supplied into combustion chamber. It is found that more hydrogen is generated under higher catalyst temperature, and combustion speed is faster by more hydrogen. It is possible to increase catalyst temperature by newly designed fuel reforming system using exhaust heat recovery, and it enabled to enlarge reforming available zone into low speed and low load operating condition. It is confirmed that on-board fuel reforming system with exhaust heat recovery is a practical way to improve thermal efficiency of TGDI engine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFISITA World Automotive Congress 2018
PublisherFISITA
ISBN (Electronic)9780957207653
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event37th FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018 - Chennai, India
Duration: 2018 Oct 22018 Oct 5

Publication series

NameFISITA World Automotive Congress 2018
Volume2018-October

Other

Other37th FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018
CountryIndia
CityChennai
Period18/10/218/10/5

Fingerprint

Direct injection
Waste heat utilization
Reforming reactions
Gasoline
Engines
Hydrogen
Exhaust gas recirculation
Combustion knock
Catalysts
Exhaust gases
Internal combustion engines
Temperature
Fuel economy
Engine cylinders
Combustion chambers
Chemical reactions
Steam
Hydrocarbons
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Baek, H., Lee, S. W., Kim, J., Song, S., & Chun, K. M. (2018). Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine. In FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018 (FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018; Vol. 2018-October). FISITA.
Baek, Hongkil ; Lee, Seung Woo ; Kim, Joonsuk ; Song, Soonho ; Chun, Kwang Min. / Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine. FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018. FISITA, 2018. (FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018).
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title = "Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine",
abstract = "A well-known effective way to improve thermal efficiency of spark ignition engine is to use hydrogen mixed with gasoline. Hydrogen, even in small amounts, it makes flame speed faster, knock mitigation and improves combustion stability. These benefits enable higher compression ratio, higher exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) rates and improved engine thermal efficiency. Fuel reforming is one way to get hydrogen from the internal combustion engine, using hydrocarbon fuel, exhaust gas steam and heat, hydrogen reformation is achieved using species already available in the exhaust gas. However, chemical reaction is restricted by light-off temperature of reforming catalyst, so fuel reforming is not available at low speed and low load engine operating condition due to low temperature of EGR gas to heat up catalyst. Thus, the objective of this research is to enlarge available reforming zone to low speed/low load engine operating condition by optimization of fuel reforming system using waste heat recovery and to improve fuel economy on a 4 cylinder turbo gasoline direct injection(TGDI) engine. It is verified that the combustion speed is increased, EGR limit is expanded and knock is reduced when hydrogen from On-Board fuel reforming system is supplied into combustion chamber. It is found that more hydrogen is generated under higher catalyst temperature, and combustion speed is faster by more hydrogen. It is possible to increase catalyst temperature by newly designed fuel reforming system using exhaust heat recovery, and it enabled to enlarge reforming available zone into low speed and low load operating condition. It is confirmed that on-board fuel reforming system with exhaust heat recovery is a practical way to improve thermal efficiency of TGDI engine.",
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Baek, H, Lee, SW, Kim, J, Song, S & Chun, KM 2018, Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine. in FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018. FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018, vol. 2018-October, FISITA, 37th FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018, Chennai, India, 18/10/2.

Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine. / Baek, Hongkil; Lee, Seung Woo; Kim, Joonsuk; Song, Soonho; Chun, Kwang Min.

FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018. FISITA, 2018. (FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018; Vol. 2018-October).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - A well-known effective way to improve thermal efficiency of spark ignition engine is to use hydrogen mixed with gasoline. Hydrogen, even in small amounts, it makes flame speed faster, knock mitigation and improves combustion stability. These benefits enable higher compression ratio, higher exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) rates and improved engine thermal efficiency. Fuel reforming is one way to get hydrogen from the internal combustion engine, using hydrocarbon fuel, exhaust gas steam and heat, hydrogen reformation is achieved using species already available in the exhaust gas. However, chemical reaction is restricted by light-off temperature of reforming catalyst, so fuel reforming is not available at low speed and low load engine operating condition due to low temperature of EGR gas to heat up catalyst. Thus, the objective of this research is to enlarge available reforming zone to low speed/low load engine operating condition by optimization of fuel reforming system using waste heat recovery and to improve fuel economy on a 4 cylinder turbo gasoline direct injection(TGDI) engine. It is verified that the combustion speed is increased, EGR limit is expanded and knock is reduced when hydrogen from On-Board fuel reforming system is supplied into combustion chamber. It is found that more hydrogen is generated under higher catalyst temperature, and combustion speed is faster by more hydrogen. It is possible to increase catalyst temperature by newly designed fuel reforming system using exhaust heat recovery, and it enabled to enlarge reforming available zone into low speed and low load operating condition. It is confirmed that on-board fuel reforming system with exhaust heat recovery is a practical way to improve thermal efficiency of TGDI engine.

AB - A well-known effective way to improve thermal efficiency of spark ignition engine is to use hydrogen mixed with gasoline. Hydrogen, even in small amounts, it makes flame speed faster, knock mitigation and improves combustion stability. These benefits enable higher compression ratio, higher exhaust gas recirculation(EGR) rates and improved engine thermal efficiency. Fuel reforming is one way to get hydrogen from the internal combustion engine, using hydrocarbon fuel, exhaust gas steam and heat, hydrogen reformation is achieved using species already available in the exhaust gas. However, chemical reaction is restricted by light-off temperature of reforming catalyst, so fuel reforming is not available at low speed and low load engine operating condition due to low temperature of EGR gas to heat up catalyst. Thus, the objective of this research is to enlarge available reforming zone to low speed/low load engine operating condition by optimization of fuel reforming system using waste heat recovery and to improve fuel economy on a 4 cylinder turbo gasoline direct injection(TGDI) engine. It is verified that the combustion speed is increased, EGR limit is expanded and knock is reduced when hydrogen from On-Board fuel reforming system is supplied into combustion chamber. It is found that more hydrogen is generated under higher catalyst temperature, and combustion speed is faster by more hydrogen. It is possible to increase catalyst temperature by newly designed fuel reforming system using exhaust heat recovery, and it enabled to enlarge reforming available zone into low speed and low load operating condition. It is confirmed that on-board fuel reforming system with exhaust heat recovery is a practical way to improve thermal efficiency of TGDI engine.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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Baek H, Lee SW, Kim J, Song S, Chun KM. Investigating feasibility and advantage of on-board fuel reformer using exhaust heat recovery on turbo gasoline direct injection engine. In FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018. FISITA. 2018. (FISITA World Automotive Congress 2018).