Investigating Serum Uric Acid as a Risk Factor in the Development of Delayed Renal Recovery in Living Kidney Donors

R. C. Bravo, M. B. Gamo, H. H. Lee, Y. E. Yoon, WoongKyu Han

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Abstract

Background Hyperuricemia has been associated with kidney disease and remains controversial with regard to its gender-specific differences and impact in living kidney donation. Methods Between 2006 and 2015, charts of live kidney donors who underwent nephrectomy and had a minimum follow-up of 1 year were reviewed. A total of 291 donors were included and divided based on gender-specific pre-donation serum uric acid (SUA) tertiles. Renal functional outcomes included were estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6-month and 1-year follow-up and percentage of donors with a 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2. Logistic regression analysis was done. Results Mean SUA tertiles were 5.8 ± 1.1 mg/dL in males and 4.1 ± 1 mg/dL in females. Females in the highest tertile (SUA >4.5 mg/dL) had lower 6-month (59.9 ± 10.3 vs 66.9 ± 14.1 vs 67.3 ± 12.1; P = .018) and 1-year (60.8 ± 10.6 vs 67.6 ± 10.8 vs 67.8 ± 11.8; P = .021) eGFR and a higher percentage of donors with 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (59.5% vs 31.6% vs 23%; P = .002) compared with donors in the lower SUA tertiles (≤4.5 mg/dL). In males, there were similar eGFRs among SUA tertiles at 6-month and 1-year follow-up. In multivariate analysis, SUA was shown to be a significant predictor of developing stage 3 CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2), 1 year after donation in females but not in males. Conclusions Predonation SUA level is associated with the development of delayed renal recovery (GFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2) 1 year after donation in females but not in males.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-934
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1

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Living Donors
Uric Acid
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Kidney
Tissue Donors
Serum
Hyperuricemia
Kidney Diseases
Nephrectomy
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

Cite this

@article{3a35cb6033f94b25ad5a0c206a7bdcb3,
title = "Investigating Serum Uric Acid as a Risk Factor in the Development of Delayed Renal Recovery in Living Kidney Donors",
abstract = "Background Hyperuricemia has been associated with kidney disease and remains controversial with regard to its gender-specific differences and impact in living kidney donation. Methods Between 2006 and 2015, charts of live kidney donors who underwent nephrectomy and had a minimum follow-up of 1 year were reviewed. A total of 291 donors were included and divided based on gender-specific pre-donation serum uric acid (SUA) tertiles. Renal functional outcomes included were estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6-month and 1-year follow-up and percentage of donors with a 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2. Logistic regression analysis was done. Results Mean SUA tertiles were 5.8 ± 1.1 mg/dL in males and 4.1 ± 1 mg/dL in females. Females in the highest tertile (SUA >4.5 mg/dL) had lower 6-month (59.9 ± 10.3 vs 66.9 ± 14.1 vs 67.3 ± 12.1; P = .018) and 1-year (60.8 ± 10.6 vs 67.6 ± 10.8 vs 67.8 ± 11.8; P = .021) eGFR and a higher percentage of donors with 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (59.5{\%} vs 31.6{\%} vs 23{\%}; P = .002) compared with donors in the lower SUA tertiles (≤4.5 mg/dL). In males, there were similar eGFRs among SUA tertiles at 6-month and 1-year follow-up. In multivariate analysis, SUA was shown to be a significant predictor of developing stage 3 CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2), 1 year after donation in females but not in males. Conclusions Predonation SUA level is associated with the development of delayed renal recovery (GFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2) 1 year after donation in females but not in males.",
author = "Bravo, {R. C.} and Gamo, {M. B.} and Lee, {H. H.} and Yoon, {Y. E.} and WoongKyu Han",
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Investigating Serum Uric Acid as a Risk Factor in the Development of Delayed Renal Recovery in Living Kidney Donors. / Bravo, R. C.; Gamo, M. B.; Lee, H. H.; Yoon, Y. E.; Han, WoongKyu.

In: Transplantation Proceedings, Vol. 49, No. 5, 01.06.2017, p. 930-934.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating Serum Uric Acid as a Risk Factor in the Development of Delayed Renal Recovery in Living Kidney Donors

AU - Bravo, R. C.

AU - Gamo, M. B.

AU - Lee, H. H.

AU - Yoon, Y. E.

AU - Han, WoongKyu

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - Background Hyperuricemia has been associated with kidney disease and remains controversial with regard to its gender-specific differences and impact in living kidney donation. Methods Between 2006 and 2015, charts of live kidney donors who underwent nephrectomy and had a minimum follow-up of 1 year were reviewed. A total of 291 donors were included and divided based on gender-specific pre-donation serum uric acid (SUA) tertiles. Renal functional outcomes included were estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6-month and 1-year follow-up and percentage of donors with a 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2. Logistic regression analysis was done. Results Mean SUA tertiles were 5.8 ± 1.1 mg/dL in males and 4.1 ± 1 mg/dL in females. Females in the highest tertile (SUA >4.5 mg/dL) had lower 6-month (59.9 ± 10.3 vs 66.9 ± 14.1 vs 67.3 ± 12.1; P = .018) and 1-year (60.8 ± 10.6 vs 67.6 ± 10.8 vs 67.8 ± 11.8; P = .021) eGFR and a higher percentage of donors with 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (59.5% vs 31.6% vs 23%; P = .002) compared with donors in the lower SUA tertiles (≤4.5 mg/dL). In males, there were similar eGFRs among SUA tertiles at 6-month and 1-year follow-up. In multivariate analysis, SUA was shown to be a significant predictor of developing stage 3 CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2), 1 year after donation in females but not in males. Conclusions Predonation SUA level is associated with the development of delayed renal recovery (GFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2) 1 year after donation in females but not in males.

AB - Background Hyperuricemia has been associated with kidney disease and remains controversial with regard to its gender-specific differences and impact in living kidney donation. Methods Between 2006 and 2015, charts of live kidney donors who underwent nephrectomy and had a minimum follow-up of 1 year were reviewed. A total of 291 donors were included and divided based on gender-specific pre-donation serum uric acid (SUA) tertiles. Renal functional outcomes included were estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6-month and 1-year follow-up and percentage of donors with a 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2. Logistic regression analysis was done. Results Mean SUA tertiles were 5.8 ± 1.1 mg/dL in males and 4.1 ± 1 mg/dL in females. Females in the highest tertile (SUA >4.5 mg/dL) had lower 6-month (59.9 ± 10.3 vs 66.9 ± 14.1 vs 67.3 ± 12.1; P = .018) and 1-year (60.8 ± 10.6 vs 67.6 ± 10.8 vs 67.8 ± 11.8; P = .021) eGFR and a higher percentage of donors with 1-year eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (59.5% vs 31.6% vs 23%; P = .002) compared with donors in the lower SUA tertiles (≤4.5 mg/dL). In males, there were similar eGFRs among SUA tertiles at 6-month and 1-year follow-up. In multivariate analysis, SUA was shown to be a significant predictor of developing stage 3 CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2), 1 year after donation in females but not in males. Conclusions Predonation SUA level is associated with the development of delayed renal recovery (GFR <60 mL/min/1.72 m2) 1 year after donation in females but not in males.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.transproceed.2017.03.034

DO - 10.1016/j.transproceed.2017.03.034

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