Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) hybrid films containing Ag nanoparticles were synthesized by a one-step aqueous method. The embedded Ag nanoparticles were produced using PEDOT as a reducing agent and PSS as a stabilizer. We have also demonstrated nanoparticle growth with increasing reaction time and silver nitrate content. Finally, as a nanocomposite-containing nanoparticle without surface-capping molecules and embedded in a conducting polymer matrix, the Ag NPs-PEDOT:PSS nanocomposite is interesting because it represents a type of material in which a metallic nano-island is embedded in the semiconducting matrix with a pure interface. One-step synthesized silver nanoparticles were found to induce a lowering of the work function and an increase of the highest occupied molecular orbital level in pristine PEDOT:PSS films by electron exchange with PEDOT, and also induced an inhibition of the electrostatic bond between PEDOT and PSS.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Future-based Technology Development Program (Nano Fields) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2009-0082604). Experiments at PLS were supported in part by MEST and POSTECH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)