Parametric investigation of the polyol process for the preparation of carbon-supported Pt nanoparticles as catalysts for fuel cells was carried out. It was found that the concentration of glycolate anion, which is a function of pH, plays an important role in controlling Pt particle size and loading on carbon. It was observed that Pt loading decreased with increasing alkalinity of the solution. As evidenced by zeta potential measurement, this was mainly due to poor adsorption or repulsive forces between the metal colloids and the supports. In order to modify the conventional polyol process, the effect of the gas purging conditions on the characteristics of Pt/C was examined. By the optimization of the gas environment during the reaction, it was possible to obtain high loading of 39.5 wt% with a 2.8 nm size of Pt particle. From the single cell test, it was found that operating in ambient O2 at 70 °C can deliver high performance of more than 0.6 V at 1.44 A cm-2.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by Hyundai Motors and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)