The durability of PEM fuel cells as a function of different humid conditions and MEA degradation were investigated by on/off cyclic operation. The maximum numbers of cycles determined by cycle at 10% of cell voltage loss were 1980, 1650, 1100, 520, and 320 cycles at relative humidity (RH) of 1000, 80, 50, 30, and 10%, respectively. The increases of ohmic resistance were observed at the high humid conditions of RH 100 and 80%. On the other hand, the charge transfer resistance increased at low humid conditions of RH 50, 30, and 10%. The losses of electrochemical surface area were obtained about 21% and 7% under RH 50 and 30% after the on/off cyclic operations, respectively. The thickness of electrode was reduced in the both anode and cathode layer, indicating that carbon corrosion occurred during on/off cycling. At cathode layer, the growth and migration platinum particles into polymer electrolyte were detected by XRD and TEM analyses.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by New & Renewable Energy R&D Program(2009T100100606) under the Ministry of Knowledge and Economy, Republic of Korea and Manpower Development Program for Energy & Resources supported by the Ministry of Knowledge and Economy (MKE).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology