Investigation of pretilt angle generation in nematic liquid crystal with oblique non-polarized UV light irradiation on polyimide films

Dae Shik Seo, Lyul Yeon Hwang, Shunsuke Kobayashi

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Abstract

We investigated new rubbing-free techniques for liquid crystal (LC) alignment with non-polarized ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation on plates coated with two kinds of the polyimide (PI) films. It was found that monodomain alignment of nematic (N) LC is obtained in the cell having a PI surface without a side chain. We successfully observed that the generated pretilt angle of the NLC is about 3° with an angle of incidence of 70° on the PI surface without side chains. This pretilt angle generation is attributed to interaction between the LC molecules and the polymer surfaces; the uniform alignment of NLC is attributed to anisotropic dispersion force effects due to photo-depolymerization of polymer on PI surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-925
Number of pages3
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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