A reaction calorimeter was applied to study emulsion kinetics in a seeded emulsion polymerization using highly sulfonated polystyrene seed latices. Several batches of emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization were carried out to investigate the electrostatic repulsion and steric effect of highly sulfonated seed particles on the average number of radicals per particle (n) and the polymerization rate (R(p)) in Interval II. Two monodisperse seed latices with significantly different surface coverage of sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) were prepared from the two-stage shot-growth process. After the purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of styrene. From the calorimetric data, radical entry and exit coefficients were calculated and compared with different reaction conditions. The 'slope and intercept method' introduced by Gilbert was used in the calculation. The electrostatic repulsion between the oligomeric radicals and the surface of sulfonated seed particles and the steric barrier of sulfonate-rich seed surface had significant influences on the changes of emulsion kinetic parameters. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Aug 15|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1997 7th Iketani Conference - International Symposium on Advanced Technology of Fine Particles - Yokohama, Jpn|
Duration: 1997 Oct 12 → 1997 Oct 16
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was carried out as a part of an international collaboration research project which was supported by the Korea Ministry of Industry and Trading. The authors thank Dr El-Aasser and his colleagues in Lehigh University.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry