Investigation of seeded emulsion polymerization using a calorimetric method: Effects of the surface charge density on polymerization rate and average number of radicals per particle

In Woo Cheong, Jung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A reaction calorimeter was applied to study emulsion kinetics in a seeded emulsion polymerization using highly sulfonated polystyrene seed latices. Several batches of emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization were carried out to investigate the electrostatic repulsion and steric effect of highly sulfonated seed particles on the average number of radicals per particle (n) and the polymerization rate (R(p)) in Interval II. Two monodisperse seed latices with significantly different surface coverage of sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) were prepared from the two-stage shot-growth process. After the purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of styrene. From the calorimetric data, radical entry and exit coefficients were calculated and compared with different reaction conditions. The 'slope and intercept method' introduced by Gilbert was used in the calculation. The electrostatic repulsion between the oligomeric radicals and the surface of sulfonated seed particles and the steric barrier of sulfonate-rich seed surface had significant influences on the changes of emulsion kinetic parameters. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume153
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Aug 15
EventProceedings of the 1997 7th Iketani Conference - International Symposium on Advanced Technology of Fine Particles - Yokohama, Jpn
Duration: 1997 Oct 121997 Oct 16

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Emulsion polymerization
Surface charge
Charge density
emulsions
Seed
seeds
polymerization
Polymerization
Latex
latex
Latexes
Styrene
sulfonates
Emulsions
styrenes
Electrostatics
electrostatics
Polystyrenes
kinetics
Calorimeters

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Investigation of seeded emulsion polymerization using a calorimetric method: Effects of the surface charge density on polymerization rate and average number of radicals per particle",
abstract = "A reaction calorimeter was applied to study emulsion kinetics in a seeded emulsion polymerization using highly sulfonated polystyrene seed latices. Several batches of emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization were carried out to investigate the electrostatic repulsion and steric effect of highly sulfonated seed particles on the average number of radicals per particle (n) and the polymerization rate (R(p)) in Interval II. Two monodisperse seed latices with significantly different surface coverage of sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) were prepared from the two-stage shot-growth process. After the purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of styrene. From the calorimetric data, radical entry and exit coefficients were calculated and compared with different reaction conditions. The 'slope and intercept method' introduced by Gilbert was used in the calculation. The electrostatic repulsion between the oligomeric radicals and the surface of sulfonated seed particles and the steric barrier of sulfonate-rich seed surface had significant influences on the changes of emulsion kinetic parameters. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.",
author = "Cheong, {In Woo} and Kim, {Jung Hyun}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of seeded emulsion polymerization using a calorimetric method

T2 - Effects of the surface charge density on polymerization rate and average number of radicals per particle

AU - Cheong, In Woo

AU - Kim, Jung Hyun

PY - 1999/8/15

Y1 - 1999/8/15

N2 - A reaction calorimeter was applied to study emulsion kinetics in a seeded emulsion polymerization using highly sulfonated polystyrene seed latices. Several batches of emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization were carried out to investigate the electrostatic repulsion and steric effect of highly sulfonated seed particles on the average number of radicals per particle (n) and the polymerization rate (R(p)) in Interval II. Two monodisperse seed latices with significantly different surface coverage of sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) were prepared from the two-stage shot-growth process. After the purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of styrene. From the calorimetric data, radical entry and exit coefficients were calculated and compared with different reaction conditions. The 'slope and intercept method' introduced by Gilbert was used in the calculation. The electrostatic repulsion between the oligomeric radicals and the surface of sulfonated seed particles and the steric barrier of sulfonate-rich seed surface had significant influences on the changes of emulsion kinetic parameters. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - A reaction calorimeter was applied to study emulsion kinetics in a seeded emulsion polymerization using highly sulfonated polystyrene seed latices. Several batches of emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization were carried out to investigate the electrostatic repulsion and steric effect of highly sulfonated seed particles on the average number of radicals per particle (n) and the polymerization rate (R(p)) in Interval II. Two monodisperse seed latices with significantly different surface coverage of sodium styrene sulfonate (NaSS) were prepared from the two-stage shot-growth process. After the purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of styrene. From the calorimetric data, radical entry and exit coefficients were calculated and compared with different reaction conditions. The 'slope and intercept method' introduced by Gilbert was used in the calculation. The electrostatic repulsion between the oligomeric radicals and the surface of sulfonated seed particles and the steric barrier of sulfonate-rich seed surface had significant influences on the changes of emulsion kinetic parameters. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0927-7757(98)00435-X

DO - 10.1016/S0927-7757(98)00435-X

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JO - Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

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