Investigation of silicon-germanium nanowires THz emission

Soner Balci, Woo Jung Lee, David S. Wilbert, Patrick Kung, Chul Kang, Mann Ho Cho, Seongsin M. Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Semiconductor nanowires and nanostructures have a great potential for Terahertz generation and detection, especially because certain materials properties such as optical absorption, high electron and hole mobility, and short carrier lifetime can be engineered through structural changes and material compositions. In such structures, the variation in geometry and surface charge characteristics can greatly influence the dynamics of photoexcited carrier recombination, which is directly related to strength of the Terahertz emission. Compared to thin films, nanowires dramatically increase the effective surface area which would have an important role in the absorption. In this work, we studied theoretical and experimental investigation of carrier lifetime reduction and the properties of THz generation in SiGe nanowires. Terahertz emission spectroscopy was used to generate THz pulses from the nanowire samples. Then standard Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy measurements were carried to investigate the material properties and high frequency carrier dynamics of Si1-xGex nanowires. A mobility of 1615 cm2/Vs and a carrier lifetime of ∼0.24 ps were measured. The influence of carrier dynamics properties on the THz generation from SiGe nanowires was investigated in details.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781479938773
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 13
Event39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2014 - Tucson, United States
Duration: 2014 Sep 142014 Sep 19

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz
ISSN (Print)2162-2027
ISSN (Electronic)2162-2035

Other

Other39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2014
CountryUnited States
CityTucson
Period14/9/1414/9/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Balci, S., Lee, W. J., Wilbert, D. S., Kung, P., Kang, C., Cho, M. H., & Kim, S. M. (2014). Investigation of silicon-germanium nanowires THz emission. In 2014 39th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2014 [6956086] (International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/IRMMW-THz.2014.6956086