A high pretilt angle for the nematic liquid crystal, 4-n-pentyl-4′-cyanobiphenyl (5CB), was observed on rubbed polythiophene (PTP) surfaces having alkyl chains with more than ten carbon atoms. We consider that this is due to a surface-excluded volume effect caused by the long alkyl chains between the LC molecules and the PTP surfaces. The polar anchoring strength in 5CB on rubbed PTP surfaces with long alkyl chains has also been successfully evaluated. The extrapolation length de of 5CB increases with increasing alkyl chain lengths above the seven carbons of alkyl chain R7; that is, it may be attributed to the high pretilt angle. An extrapolation length of 5 nm is observed in 5CB for the seven carbons alkyl chain R7 on the PTP surface; this indicates high anchoring strength.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics