Investigation of the Effects of Al2O3 Content and Cooling Rate on Crystallization in Fe2O3–CaO–Al2O3 System Using In Situ Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy

Tae Jun Park, Joon Sung Choi, Dong Joon Min

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Sinter is a major Fe source, that is, used extensively in blast furnace processes worldwide. The chemical and physical properties of sinter are crucial factors that affect the operating stability of blast furnaces. The quality of sinter is largely determined by the phase fraction of the silico-ferrite of calcium and aluminum (SFCA), which is a low-melting-point bonding phase formed during sintering. Calcium ferrite (CF)-containing alumina is known to be the structural basis for SFCA and SFCA-1, and provides basic information regarding the influence of Al2O3 on the formation of CF solid solutions. In this work, experiments are conducted to investigate the crystallization behaviors of an Fe2O3–CaO–Al2O3 system based on its Al2O3 content and cooling rate. The effects of Al2O3 additions are used to analyze changes in the phase formation temperature, phase ratio, and rate of decrease by using an in situ confocal laser-scanning microscope, optical microscope, electron probe micro analyzer, and horizontal tube furnace. The temperatures at which the primary phase forms for various Al2O3 contents and cooling rates differ from the equilibrium temperatures, and the phase-formation temperature ranges vary with the cooling rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900001
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning, and the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy of the Republic of Korea (No. 20172010106300).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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