Organically modified, ordered mesoporous silica films, which can provide hydrophobicity and low polarizability to the framework, were prepared using Brij-76 block copolymer as a template. Due to a fast condensation reaction of the silica precursor, mesostructured silica films were not properly synthesized. To circumvent this problem, a synthesis procedure was modified to provide an enhancement of pore periodicity through the incorporation of methyl ligands on the framework. The micropore volume was reduced, and the pore size was enlarged, as the concentration of the methyl ligands on the framework was increased. A mesophase transition from a two-dimensional hexagonal structure to a body-centered cubic (BCC) structure was observed according to the concentration of incorporated methyl ligands. The mechanical properties of the fabricated films were investigated according to the pore ordering and film density. The mechanical properties of the films with random pore geometry show a positive correlation between film density and elastic modulus. Meanwhile, the mechanical behavior of organically modified mesoporous silica films with periodic pore distribution represents a negative correlation within a certain density range, which is advantageous to the low-k materials. Especially, film with a low micropore volume fraction and BCC pore ordering is more applicable to a low-k material due to low dielectric constant and high mechanical strength.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Grant R01-2005-000-10058-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry