We investigate the detection performance of transverse and longitudinal planes for various signal sizes (i.e., 1 mm to 8 mm diameter spheres) in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. CBCT images are generated by computer simulation and images are reconstructed using an FDK algorithm. For each slice direction and signal size, a human observer study is conducted with a signal-knownexactly/background-known-exactly (SKE/BKE) binary detection task. The detection performance of human observers is compared with that of a channelized Hotelling observer (CHO). The detection performance of an ideal linear observer is also calculated using a CHO with Laguerre-Gauss (LG) channels. The detectability of high contrast small signals (i.e., up to 4-mm-diameter spheres) is higher in the longitudinal plane than the transverse plane. It is also shown that CHO performance correlates well with human observer performance in both transverse and longitudinal plane images.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea, under the IT Consilience Creative Programs (IITP-2015-R0346-15-1008) supervised by the IITP (Institute for Information& Communications Technology Promotion), Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2015R1C1A1A01052268) and the framework of international cooperation program managed by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2015K2A1A2067635).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics