Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system

Junhan Park, Changwoo Lee, Jongduk Baek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In medical imaging systems, several factors (e.g., reconstruction algorithm, noise structures, target size, contrast, etc) affect the detection performance and need to be considered for object detection. In a cone beam CT system, FDK reconstruction produces different noise structures in axial and coronal slices, and thus we analyzed directional dependent detectability of objects using detection SNR of Channelized Hotelling observer. To calculate the detection SNR, difference-of-Gaussian channel model with 10 channels was implemented, and 20 sphere objects with different radius (i.e., 0.25 (mm) to 5 (mm) equally spaced by 0.25 (mm)), reconstructed by FDK algorithm, were used as object templates. Covariance matrix in axial and coronal direction was estimated from 3000 reconstructed noise volumes, and then the SNR ratio between axial and coronal direction was calculated. Corresponding 2D noise power spectrum was also calculated. The results show that as the object size increases, the SNR ratio decreases, especially lower than 1 when the object size is larger than 2.5 mm radius. The reason is because the axial (coronal) noise power is higher in high (low) frequency band, and therefore the detectability of a small (large) object is higher in coronal (axial) images. Our results indicate that it is more beneficial to use coronal slices in order to improve the detectability of a small object in a cone beam CT system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2015
Subtitle of host publicationImage Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
EditorsClaudia R. Mello-Thoms, Matthew A. Kupinski, Claudia R. Mello-Thoms
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628415063
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
EventMedical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment - Orlando, United States
Duration: 2015 Feb 252015 Feb 26

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume9416
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period15/2/2515/2/26

Fingerprint

Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Noise
Cones
cones
Medical imaging
Covariance matrix
Power spectrum
Imaging systems
Frequency bands
Diagnostic Imaging
radii
noise spectra
power spectra
templates
low frequencies
Direction compound
Object detection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Park, J., Lee, C., & Baek, J. (2015). Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system. In C. R. Mello-Thoms, M. A. Kupinski, & C. R. Mello-Thoms (Eds.), Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment [94161H] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 9416). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081342
Park, Junhan ; Lee, Changwoo ; Baek, Jongduk. / Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system. Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. editor / Claudia R. Mello-Thoms ; Matthew A. Kupinski ; Claudia R. Mello-Thoms. SPIE, 2015. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE).
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Park, J, Lee, C & Baek, J 2015, Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system. in CR Mello-Thoms, MA Kupinski & CR Mello-Thoms (eds), Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment., 94161H, Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 9416, SPIE, Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, Orlando, United States, 15/2/25. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081342

Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system. / Park, Junhan; Lee, Changwoo; Baek, Jongduk.

Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. ed. / Claudia R. Mello-Thoms; Matthew A. Kupinski; Claudia R. Mello-Thoms. SPIE, 2015. 94161H (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 9416).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In medical imaging systems, several factors (e.g., reconstruction algorithm, noise structures, target size, contrast, etc) affect the detection performance and need to be considered for object detection. In a cone beam CT system, FDK reconstruction produces different noise structures in axial and coronal slices, and thus we analyzed directional dependent detectability of objects using detection SNR of Channelized Hotelling observer. To calculate the detection SNR, difference-of-Gaussian channel model with 10 channels was implemented, and 20 sphere objects with different radius (i.e., 0.25 (mm) to 5 (mm) equally spaced by 0.25 (mm)), reconstructed by FDK algorithm, were used as object templates. Covariance matrix in axial and coronal direction was estimated from 3000 reconstructed noise volumes, and then the SNR ratio between axial and coronal direction was calculated. Corresponding 2D noise power spectrum was also calculated. The results show that as the object size increases, the SNR ratio decreases, especially lower than 1 when the object size is larger than 2.5 mm radius. The reason is because the axial (coronal) noise power is higher in high (low) frequency band, and therefore the detectability of a small (large) object is higher in coronal (axial) images. Our results indicate that it is more beneficial to use coronal slices in order to improve the detectability of a small object in a cone beam CT system.

AB - In medical imaging systems, several factors (e.g., reconstruction algorithm, noise structures, target size, contrast, etc) affect the detection performance and need to be considered for object detection. In a cone beam CT system, FDK reconstruction produces different noise structures in axial and coronal slices, and thus we analyzed directional dependent detectability of objects using detection SNR of Channelized Hotelling observer. To calculate the detection SNR, difference-of-Gaussian channel model with 10 channels was implemented, and 20 sphere objects with different radius (i.e., 0.25 (mm) to 5 (mm) equally spaced by 0.25 (mm)), reconstructed by FDK algorithm, were used as object templates. Covariance matrix in axial and coronal direction was estimated from 3000 reconstructed noise volumes, and then the SNR ratio between axial and coronal direction was calculated. Corresponding 2D noise power spectrum was also calculated. The results show that as the object size increases, the SNR ratio decreases, especially lower than 1 when the object size is larger than 2.5 mm radius. The reason is because the axial (coronal) noise power is higher in high (low) frequency band, and therefore the detectability of a small (large) object is higher in coronal (axial) images. Our results indicate that it is more beneficial to use coronal slices in order to improve the detectability of a small object in a cone beam CT system.

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Park J, Lee C, Baek J. Investigation on viewing direction dependent detectability in a reconstructed 3D volume for a cone beam CT system. In Mello-Thoms CR, Kupinski MA, Mello-Thoms CR, editors, Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment. SPIE. 2015. 94161H. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081342