We have investigated the mechanisms involved in H2O2-mediated phospholipase D (PLD) activation in Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. In the presence of vanadate, H2O2 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of PLD as well as the platelet-derived growth (PDGF) factor receptor, protein kinase Cα (PKCα), and a 62-kDa protein in rat brain PLD1 (rPLD1) immune complexes. PDGF also induced tyrosine phosphorylation of PLD, but this was abolished by catalase, indicating that it was mediated by H2O2 generation. Interestingly, PLD was found to be constitutively associated with the PDGF receptor and PKCα. Stimulation by H2O2 showed a concentration- and time-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of the proteins in rPLD1 immunoprecipitates and activation of PLD in the cells. Pretreatment of the cells with the protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein and herbimycin A resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of H2O2-induced tyrosine phosphorylation and PLD activation. Activation of PLD by H2O2 was also inhibited dose-dependently by the PKC inhibitors Ro 31-8220 and calphostin C. Down-regulation of PKC by prolonged treatment with 4β-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate also abolished H2O2- stimulated PLD activity. H2O2 or vanadate alone did not induce tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the rPLD1 immune complex or PLD activation. Reduction of intracellular H2O2 levels by pretreatment of the cells with catalase dramatically abrogated tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the rPLD1 immune complex and PLD activation, suggesting the potential role of intracellular H2O2 in H2O2-mediated PLD signaling. Taken together, these results suggest that both protein-tyrosine kinase(s) and protein kinase C participate in H2O2-induced PLD activation in Swiss 3T3 cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology