Ionomer immobilized onto nitrogen-doped carbon black as efficient and durable electrode binder and electrolyte for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Won Young Choi, Dong Jun Seo, Hyunguk Choi, Myeong Hwa Lee, Seo Won Choi, Young Gi Yoon, Tae Young Kim, Hansung Kim, Chi Young Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An implementation of the polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) electrode, composed of the perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA) ionomer with unprecedented uniform distribution, has recently gained a great attention due to its positive impact on the cell performance as well as durability. However, an issue with the conventional electrodes is a stronger adsorption of sulfonate terminal groups specifically onto Pt catalyst than carbon black (CB) support, that accelerates an inhomogeneous distribution of the PFSA ionomer. In this work, we report a novel PEFC electrode by introducing the ionomer immobilized onto nitrogen-doped carbon black (I/NCB) as electrode binder as well as electrolyte. The carbon atoms adjacent to nitrogen allow a considerable attraction with sulfonated groups over the NCB surfaces, which creates more homogeneous distribution of ionomer when compared with Pt/CB in the conventional electrode. As compared with the conventional electrode, the electrode employing I/NCB presents a superior activity towards oxygen reduction reaction (Pt mass activity increased from 91.3 to 139.6 A g−1) and mass-transport characteristics (mass-transport resistance decreased from 65.9 to 45.5 mΩ cm2), with the cell current density enhanced by 23% at 0.6 V. The enhanced cell durability is confirmed by less degradation in the electrochemically available surface area after the accelerated stress test of carbon support, mainly attributed to the promoted stability of NCB over CB. Given the advances in both performance and durability, the proposed electrode architecture based on I/NCB may provide an alternative pathway in obtaining better electrode kinetics and O2 transport, along with an exceptional resistivity towards the carbon support degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140427
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Research and Development Innovation Valley Program through the Ministry of Science and ICT ( 2021-DD-RD-0202 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry


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