Ions in solution: Density corrected density functional theory (DC-DFT)

Min Cheol Kim, Eunji Sim, Kieron Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


Standard density functional approximations often give questionable results for odd-electron radical complexes, with the error typically attributed to self-interaction. In density corrected density functional theory (DC-DFT), certain classes of density functional theory calculations are significantly improved by using densities more accurate than the self-consistent densities. We discuss how to identify such cases, and how DC-DFT applies more generally. To illustrate, we calculate potential energy surfaces of HO·Cl- and HO·H2O complexes using various common approximate functionals, with and without this density correction. Commonly used approximations yield wrongly shaped surfaces and/or incorrect minima when calculated self consistently, while yielding almost identical shapes and minima when density corrected. This improvement is retained even in the presence of implicit solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18A528
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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