Is job polarization path-dependent? Evidence from Korea

Young Jin Park, Myungkyu Shim, Hee Seung Yang, Seung Yong Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


What is the source of job polarization in Korea? In this paper, we empirically examine if two competing hypotheses, a path-dependency hypothesis and an ageing hypothesis, can explain patterns of job polarization in Korea. By exploiting regional variations, we find that between 2008 and 2019, job polarization was more evident in regions in which routine workers were historically more important than non-routine workers (path-dependency) while ageing is not associated with the structural change in the labour market. We further show that job polarization is mainly driven by female workers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
* We are grateful to Jongkwan Lee, Sangmin Aum, and seminar participants at the Bank of Korea. Shim and Yang acknowledge the financial support from the Bank of Korea and from Yonsei University and Yongwoon Scholarship Foundation (Yonsei-Yongwoon Research Grant No. 2021-11-0410).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


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