Several endemic corona viruses (eCoVs) have been reported to be the most common etiologic agents for the seasonal common cold and also cause pneumonia. These eCoVs share extensive sequence homology with SARS-CoV-2, and immune responses to eCoVs can cross-react with SARS-CoV-2 antigens. Based on such cross-reactivity of antigens among eCoVs, the IgG antibodies against the spike protein (SP) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) were isolated from pig serum using magnetic beads immobilized with SARS-CoV SP and a protein-A column. The selectivity of the isolated antibodies was tested using different types of antigens, such as SARS-CoV-2 nucleoprotein (NP), influenza A virus (Beijing type), influenza B virus (Tokio and Florida types), human hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), and bovine serum albumin (BSA). From the selectivity test, the anti-SP antibodies isolated from pig serum had sufficient selectivity to other kinds of viral antigens, and the apparent binding constant of the isolated antibodies was approximately 1.5 × 10–8 M from the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurements. Finally, the isolated anti-SP antibodies were applied to the immunoassay of SP using competitive immunoassay configuration. The feasibility of the detection as well as the quantitative analysis of the SARS-CoV viral culture fluid was determined using four viral culture samples, namely, SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, and CoV-229E.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea [grant number NRF-2020R1A2B5B01002187 and NRF-2020R1A5A101913111].
© 2021, The Korean BioChip Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering