Job displacement and social safety net on depressive symptoms in individuals aged 45 years or above

Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging

Woorim Kim, Young Choi, Tae Hoon Lee, Suk Yong Jang, Kyu Tae Han, Euncheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the unemployment experience and depressive symptoms among mid-aged (ages 45-59) and elderly (ages 60 or above) persons and to examine further the effects of unemployment insurance, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) and national pension on the stated relationship. Data were used from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012. A total of 1,536 individuals employed at the 2006 baseline were followed. The association between employment status change during 2006 to 2008, 2008 to 2010 or 2010 to 2012 and depressive symptoms in years 2008, 2010 or 2012 were analysed using a generalised estimating equation model. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) scale. The results showed that the 'employed to unemployed' group had statistically significant increases in depression scores in the mid-aged (β = 0.4884, p = 0.0038) and elderly (β = 0.8275, p ≤ 0.0001) categories, compared to the 'employed to employed' group. Findings were maintained in groups without a social safety net. Contrastingly, the 'employed to unemployed' groups with unemployment insurance and IACI did not show statistically significant increases in depression scores. The 'employed to unemployed' category of individuals enrolled in the national pension system exhibited a lower increase of depression. Therefore, an enhanced focus on the mental health of unemployed individuals is required, in addition to the provision of a reliable social safety net.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1199-1222
Number of pages24
JournalAgeing and Society
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Depression
unemployment insurance
Safety
pension
Unemployment
insurance
Accident Insurance
accident
Group
Occupational Accidents
Pensions
Insurance
unemployment
mental health
human being
Depressive Symptoms
Longitudinal Study
Epidemiologic Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{5ac9b18482e643c79871fbdb80932e6a,
title = "Job displacement and social safety net on depressive symptoms in individuals aged 45 years or above: Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging",
abstract = "This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the unemployment experience and depressive symptoms among mid-aged (ages 45-59) and elderly (ages 60 or above) persons and to examine further the effects of unemployment insurance, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) and national pension on the stated relationship. Data were used from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012. A total of 1,536 individuals employed at the 2006 baseline were followed. The association between employment status change during 2006 to 2008, 2008 to 2010 or 2010 to 2012 and depressive symptoms in years 2008, 2010 or 2012 were analysed using a generalised estimating equation model. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) scale. The results showed that the 'employed to unemployed' group had statistically significant increases in depression scores in the mid-aged (β = 0.4884, p = 0.0038) and elderly (β = 0.8275, p ≤ 0.0001) categories, compared to the 'employed to employed' group. Findings were maintained in groups without a social safety net. Contrastingly, the 'employed to unemployed' groups with unemployment insurance and IACI did not show statistically significant increases in depression scores. The 'employed to unemployed' category of individuals enrolled in the national pension system exhibited a lower increase of depression. Therefore, an enhanced focus on the mental health of unemployed individuals is required, in addition to the provision of a reliable social safety net.",
author = "Woorim Kim and Young Choi and Lee, {Tae Hoon} and Jang, {Suk Yong} and Han, {Kyu Tae} and Euncheol Park",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S0144686X16001471",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "1199--1222",
journal = "Ageing and Society",
issn = "0144-686X",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

Job displacement and social safety net on depressive symptoms in individuals aged 45 years or above : Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. / Kim, Woorim; Choi, Young; Lee, Tae Hoon; Jang, Suk Yong; Han, Kyu Tae; Park, Euncheol.

In: Ageing and Society, Vol. 38, No. 6, 01.06.2018, p. 1199-1222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Job displacement and social safety net on depressive symptoms in individuals aged 45 years or above

T2 - Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging

AU - Kim, Woorim

AU - Choi, Young

AU - Lee, Tae Hoon

AU - Jang, Suk Yong

AU - Han, Kyu Tae

AU - Park, Euncheol

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the unemployment experience and depressive symptoms among mid-aged (ages 45-59) and elderly (ages 60 or above) persons and to examine further the effects of unemployment insurance, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) and national pension on the stated relationship. Data were used from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012. A total of 1,536 individuals employed at the 2006 baseline were followed. The association between employment status change during 2006 to 2008, 2008 to 2010 or 2010 to 2012 and depressive symptoms in years 2008, 2010 or 2012 were analysed using a generalised estimating equation model. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) scale. The results showed that the 'employed to unemployed' group had statistically significant increases in depression scores in the mid-aged (β = 0.4884, p = 0.0038) and elderly (β = 0.8275, p ≤ 0.0001) categories, compared to the 'employed to employed' group. Findings were maintained in groups without a social safety net. Contrastingly, the 'employed to unemployed' groups with unemployment insurance and IACI did not show statistically significant increases in depression scores. The 'employed to unemployed' category of individuals enrolled in the national pension system exhibited a lower increase of depression. Therefore, an enhanced focus on the mental health of unemployed individuals is required, in addition to the provision of a reliable social safety net.

AB - This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the unemployment experience and depressive symptoms among mid-aged (ages 45-59) and elderly (ages 60 or above) persons and to examine further the effects of unemployment insurance, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) and national pension on the stated relationship. Data were used from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012. A total of 1,536 individuals employed at the 2006 baseline were followed. The association between employment status change during 2006 to 2008, 2008 to 2010 or 2010 to 2012 and depressive symptoms in years 2008, 2010 or 2012 were analysed using a generalised estimating equation model. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) scale. The results showed that the 'employed to unemployed' group had statistically significant increases in depression scores in the mid-aged (β = 0.4884, p = 0.0038) and elderly (β = 0.8275, p ≤ 0.0001) categories, compared to the 'employed to employed' group. Findings were maintained in groups without a social safety net. Contrastingly, the 'employed to unemployed' groups with unemployment insurance and IACI did not show statistically significant increases in depression scores. The 'employed to unemployed' category of individuals enrolled in the national pension system exhibited a lower increase of depression. Therefore, an enhanced focus on the mental health of unemployed individuals is required, in addition to the provision of a reliable social safety net.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047268191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047268191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0144686X16001471

DO - 10.1017/S0144686X16001471

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 1199

EP - 1222

JO - Ageing and Society

JF - Ageing and Society

SN - 0144-686X

IS - 6

ER -