In this article, we study a joint antenna and Internet of Things device (ID) scheduling problem in the full-duplex (FD) multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) wireless-powered communication network (WPCN) over time-varying fading channels. We first formulate an optimization problem to maximize the average sum rate of IDs while satisfying their minimum average data rate requirements by jointly scheduling ID selection for uplink data transmission, antenna switching, and beamforming. To deal with the problem, we propose a scheduling algorithm based on Lagrangian duality and the stochastic optimization theory. The proposed scheduling algorithm necessitates solving per-time-slot problems, each of which aims at maximizing the weighted sum of the selected ID's uplink data rate and the nonselected IDs' harvested power from the downlink by jointly optimizing ID selection, antenna switching between uplink and downlink, and beamforming at that time slot. To solve the per-time-slot problem, we develop a joint ID selection, antenna switching, and beamforming (Joint-IAB) algorithm based on the block coordinate descent (BCD) and successive convex approximation (SCA) methods. Through simulation, we demonstrate that our scheduling algorithm with the proposed Joint-IAB algorithm provides better performance than the other scheduling algorithms while well satisfying the given minimum average data rate requirements of IDs.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||IEEE Internet of Things Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications