Joint Antenna and User Scheduling in the Massive MIMO System over Time-Varying Fading Channels

Yuan Xin Zhu, Do Yup Kim, Jang Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology, mainly equipped with dozens or even hundreds of antennas at transmitter and/or receiver, is one of the most important technologies in 5G/6G era due to its capability of achieving high transmission rate. However, since each transmit antenna typically needs a complete radio frequency (RF) chain, a large number of RF chains need to be installed accordingly, resulting in high economic cost, high hardware complexity, and high power consumption. To resolve these problems, architectures where a small number of RF chains are installed have been proposed in recent years, and an antenna selection technique that activates antennas only as many as the number of RF chains has been envisioned as one of solutions. In this paper, we study the joint antenna and user scheduling problem for the downlink massive MIMO system over time-varying fading channels to maximize the weighted average sum rate while ensuring users' minimum average data rate requirements. To solve the problem, we first develop an opportunistic joint antenna and user scheduling algorithm (OJAUS) using the dual and stochastic subgradient methods, which makes it possible to schedule antennas and users without any underlying distributions of the fading channels. However, it requires solving a joint antenna and user selection (JAUS) problem to maximize the instantaneous weighted sum rate in every time slot. Thus, we additionally develop a simple heuristic JAUS algorithm with low computational complexity, called JAUS-LCC, which is executed in every time slot within OJAUS. Finally, through simulation results, we first show that our JAUS-LCC provides near-optimal performance despite requiring very low computational complexity, and then show that our OJAUS with JAUS-LCC well guarantees given minimum average data rate requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9466129
Pages (from-to)92431-92445
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant through the Korea Government (MSIT) under Grant 2019R1A2C2084870, and in part by the Unmanned Vehicles Core Technology Research and Development Program through the NRF and Unmanned Vehicle Advanced Research Center (UVARC) through the Ministry of Science and Information Communication Technologies (ICT), Republic of Korea, under Grant NRF-2020M3C1C1A02086427.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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