Kaempferol, a natural flavonoid isolated from various plant sources, has been identified as a potential neuroprotectant. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of kaempferol against 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE)-induced apoptosis in PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells. Kaempferol inhibited 4-HNE-mediated apoptosis, characterized by nuclear condensation, down-regulation of antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2, and activation of proapoptotic caspase-3. Kaempferol inhibited 4-HNE-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK). More importantly, kaempferol directly bound p47phox, a cytosolic subunit of NADPH oxidase (NOX), and significantly inhibited 4-HNE-induced activation of NOX. The antiapoptotic effects of kaempferol were replicated by the NOX inhibitor apocynin, suggesting that NOX is an important enzyme in its effects. Our results suggest that kaempferol attenuates 4-HNE-induced activation of JNK and apoptosis by binding p47phox of NOX and potently inhibiting activation of the NOX-JNK signaling pathway in neuron-like cells. Altogether, these results suggest that kaempferol may be a potent prophylactic against NOX-mediated neurodegeneration.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jun|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine