Keratin 8 phosphorylation by p38 kinase regulates cellular keratin filament reorganization. Modulation by a keratin 1-like disease-causing mutation

Nam-on Ku, Salman Azhar, M. Bishr Omary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Keratin 8 (K8) serine 73 occurs within a relatively conserved type II keratin motif (68NQSLLSPL) and becomes phosphorylated in cultured cells and organs during mitosis, cell stress, and apoptosis. Here we show that Ser-73 is exclusively phosphorylated in vitro by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. In cells, Ser-73 phosphorylation occurs in association with p38 kinase activation and is inhibited by SB203580 but not by PD98059. Transfection of K8 Ser-73 → Ala or K8 Ser-73 → Asp with K18 generates normal-appearing filaments. In contrast, exposure to okadaic acid results in keratin filament destabilization in cells expressing wild-type or Ser-73 → Asp K8, whereas Ser-73 → Ala K8-expressing cells maintain relatively stable filaments. p38 kinase associates with K8/18 immunoprecipitates and binds selectively with K8 using an in vitro overlay assay. Given that K1 Leu-160 → Pro (157NQSLLQPL → 157NQSPLQPL) leads to epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, we tested and showed that the analogous K8 Leu-71 → Pro leads to K8 hyperphosphorylation by p38 kinase in vitro and in transfected cells, likely due to Ser-70 neo-phosphorylation, in association with significant keratin filament collapse upon cell exposure to okadaic acid. Hence, K8 Ser-73 is a physiologic phosphorylation site for p38 kinase, and its phosphorylation plays an important role in keratin filament reorganization. The Ser-73 → Ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a Ser-73 → Asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10775-10782
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar 29

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Keratin-1
Keratin-8
Phosphorylation
Keratins
Phosphotransferases
Modulation
Mutation
Okadaic Acid
Viperidae
Type II Keratin
Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis
Cells
Association reactions
Keratin-18
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Mitosis
Serine
Transfection
Cultured Cells
Assays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Keratin 8 phosphorylation by p38 kinase regulates cellular keratin filament reorganization. Modulation by a keratin 1-like disease-causing mutation",
abstract = "Keratin 8 (K8) serine 73 occurs within a relatively conserved type II keratin motif (68NQSLLSPL) and becomes phosphorylated in cultured cells and organs during mitosis, cell stress, and apoptosis. Here we show that Ser-73 is exclusively phosphorylated in vitro by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. In cells, Ser-73 phosphorylation occurs in association with p38 kinase activation and is inhibited by SB203580 but not by PD98059. Transfection of K8 Ser-73 → Ala or K8 Ser-73 → Asp with K18 generates normal-appearing filaments. In contrast, exposure to okadaic acid results in keratin filament destabilization in cells expressing wild-type or Ser-73 → Asp K8, whereas Ser-73 → Ala K8-expressing cells maintain relatively stable filaments. p38 kinase associates with K8/18 immunoprecipitates and binds selectively with K8 using an in vitro overlay assay. Given that K1 Leu-160 → Pro (157NQSLLQPL → 157NQSPLQPL) leads to epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, we tested and showed that the analogous K8 Leu-71 → Pro leads to K8 hyperphosphorylation by p38 kinase in vitro and in transfected cells, likely due to Ser-70 neo-phosphorylation, in association with significant keratin filament collapse upon cell exposure to okadaic acid. Hence, K8 Ser-73 is a physiologic phosphorylation site for p38 kinase, and its phosphorylation plays an important role in keratin filament reorganization. The Ser-73 → Ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a Ser-73 → Asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis.",
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Keratin 8 phosphorylation by p38 kinase regulates cellular keratin filament reorganization. Modulation by a keratin 1-like disease-causing mutation. / Ku, Nam-on; Azhar, Salman; Bishr Omary, M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 277, No. 13, 29.03.2002, p. 10775-10782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Keratin 8 phosphorylation by p38 kinase regulates cellular keratin filament reorganization. Modulation by a keratin 1-like disease-causing mutation

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AU - Azhar, Salman

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AB - Keratin 8 (K8) serine 73 occurs within a relatively conserved type II keratin motif (68NQSLLSPL) and becomes phosphorylated in cultured cells and organs during mitosis, cell stress, and apoptosis. Here we show that Ser-73 is exclusively phosphorylated in vitro by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. In cells, Ser-73 phosphorylation occurs in association with p38 kinase activation and is inhibited by SB203580 but not by PD98059. Transfection of K8 Ser-73 → Ala or K8 Ser-73 → Asp with K18 generates normal-appearing filaments. In contrast, exposure to okadaic acid results in keratin filament destabilization in cells expressing wild-type or Ser-73 → Asp K8, whereas Ser-73 → Ala K8-expressing cells maintain relatively stable filaments. p38 kinase associates with K8/18 immunoprecipitates and binds selectively with K8 using an in vitro overlay assay. Given that K1 Leu-160 → Pro (157NQSLLQPL → 157NQSPLQPL) leads to epidermolytic hyperkeratosis, we tested and showed that the analogous K8 Leu-71 → Pro leads to K8 hyperphosphorylation by p38 kinase in vitro and in transfected cells, likely due to Ser-70 neo-phosphorylation, in association with significant keratin filament collapse upon cell exposure to okadaic acid. Hence, K8 Ser-73 is a physiologic phosphorylation site for p38 kinase, and its phosphorylation plays an important role in keratin filament reorganization. The Ser-73 → Ala-associated filament reorganization defect is rescued by a Ser-73 → Asp mutation. Also, disease-causing keratin mutations can modulate keratin phosphorylation and organization, which may affect disease pathogenesis.

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