Kinetic effects of methane on binary mixture separation on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica membranes

Yun Jin Han, Kwang Jun Ko, Hyun Kyu Choi, Jong Ho Moon, Chang-Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Separation characteristics and dynamic behavior of two binary mixtures, CO2/CH4 (50:50, vol%) and CH4/N2 (50:50, vol%), on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica (MTES) membrane were studied experimentally and theoretically. The permeation of the binary mixtures was compared with that of pure CO2, CH4, and N2 at 323–473 K and 300–600 kPa. The permeation flux of pure CO2, which has the strong adsorption affinity, was much higher than that of CH4. However, the permeation flux of the CO2/CH4 mixture was hindered by CH4 with large kinetic diameter. Although the permeation flux of pure N2 was higher than that of pure CH4, the permeation flux of CH4 in the CH4/N2 mixture was greater than that of N2 owing to the disturbance of N2 permeation by CH4 and the relatively weak adsorption affinity of N2. Because the molecular interactions, adsorption affinity, and kinetic diameter and structure of each component contributed to the separation, compared to the separation factors, the permselectivity was overestimated in the CO2/CH4 mixture, but somewhat underestimated in the CH4/N2 mixture. Due to its kinetic effects, the diffusion mechanism of CH4 needs to be investigated thoroughly in pore-controlled silica-based membranes. The transient permeation and separation behaviors of the binary mixtures on MTES membranes were successfully predicted by the generalized Maxwell–Stefan model, which incorporated the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-159
Number of pages9
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume182
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Methane
Binary mixtures
Permeation
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Membranes
Kinetics
Fluxes
Adsorption
Molecular interactions
Isotherms
Gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Kinetic effects of methane on binary mixture separation on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica membranes",
abstract = "Separation characteristics and dynamic behavior of two binary mixtures, CO2/CH4 (50:50, vol{\%}) and CH4/N2 (50:50, vol{\%}), on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica (MTES) membrane were studied experimentally and theoretically. The permeation of the binary mixtures was compared with that of pure CO2, CH4, and N2 at 323–473 K and 300–600 kPa. The permeation flux of pure CO2, which has the strong adsorption affinity, was much higher than that of CH4. However, the permeation flux of the CO2/CH4 mixture was hindered by CH4 with large kinetic diameter. Although the permeation flux of pure N2 was higher than that of pure CH4, the permeation flux of CH4 in the CH4/N2 mixture was greater than that of N2 owing to the disturbance of N2 permeation by CH4 and the relatively weak adsorption affinity of N2. Because the molecular interactions, adsorption affinity, and kinetic diameter and structure of each component contributed to the separation, compared to the separation factors, the permselectivity was overestimated in the CO2/CH4 mixture, but somewhat underestimated in the CH4/N2 mixture. Due to its kinetic effects, the diffusion mechanism of CH4 needs to be investigated thoroughly in pore-controlled silica-based membranes. The transient permeation and separation behaviors of the binary mixtures on MTES membranes were successfully predicted by the generalized Maxwell–Stefan model, which incorporated the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.",
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Kinetic effects of methane on binary mixture separation on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica membranes. / Han, Yun Jin; Ko, Kwang Jun; Choi, Hyun Kyu; Moon, Jong Ho; Lee, Chang-Ha.

In: Separation and Purification Technology, Vol. 182, 01.01.2017, p. 151-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Chang-Ha

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AB - Separation characteristics and dynamic behavior of two binary mixtures, CO2/CH4 (50:50, vol%) and CH4/N2 (50:50, vol%), on methyltriethoxysilane templated silica (MTES) membrane were studied experimentally and theoretically. The permeation of the binary mixtures was compared with that of pure CO2, CH4, and N2 at 323–473 K and 300–600 kPa. The permeation flux of pure CO2, which has the strong adsorption affinity, was much higher than that of CH4. However, the permeation flux of the CO2/CH4 mixture was hindered by CH4 with large kinetic diameter. Although the permeation flux of pure N2 was higher than that of pure CH4, the permeation flux of CH4 in the CH4/N2 mixture was greater than that of N2 owing to the disturbance of N2 permeation by CH4 and the relatively weak adsorption affinity of N2. Because the molecular interactions, adsorption affinity, and kinetic diameter and structure of each component contributed to the separation, compared to the separation factors, the permselectivity was overestimated in the CO2/CH4 mixture, but somewhat underestimated in the CH4/N2 mixture. Due to its kinetic effects, the diffusion mechanism of CH4 needs to be investigated thoroughly in pore-controlled silica-based membranes. The transient permeation and separation behaviors of the binary mixtures on MTES membranes were successfully predicted by the generalized Maxwell–Stefan model, which incorporated the dusty gas model and Langmuir isotherm model.

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