Kinetic separation of landfill gas by a two-bed pressure swing adsorption process packed with carbon molecular sieve

Nonisothermal operation

Min Bae Kim, Youn-Sang Bae, Dae Ki Choi, Chang-Ha Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To produce pipeline-quality methane with a high level of adsorbent productivity from landfill gas, the pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process with carbon molecular sieve (CMS) was investigated experimentally and theoretically by using CO2/CH4 feed (50/50 vol %). Due to the high throughput as well as the high heat of adsorption of the faster diffusing component (CO2), the isothermal assumption was no longer valid and energy balance equations were inevitable for accurate prediction. Owing to the strong concentration dependency of sorption rate, the adsorption dynamics of the CMS bed in the PSA process were predicted by using a modified LDF model with concentration-dependent diffusivity. The nonisothermal and nonadiabatic model successfully predicted the performance of the CMS PSA process, which was operated by the Skarstrom cycle with cocurrent equalization. The purity was significantly affected by the changes in the adsorption pressure and adsorption step time, while the change in the recovery due to these operating variables was relatively small. The purge-to-feed ratio played a key role in improving the productivity based on the production of 90+% CH4 from the CH 4/CO2 mixture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5050-5058
Number of pages9
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume45
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul 5

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Molecular sieves
Land fill
Carbon
Gases
Adsorption
Kinetics
Productivity
Methane
Energy balance
Adsorbents
Sorption
Pipelines
Throughput
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Kinetic separation of landfill gas by a two-bed pressure swing adsorption process packed with carbon molecular sieve: Nonisothermal operation",
abstract = "To produce pipeline-quality methane with a high level of adsorbent productivity from landfill gas, the pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process with carbon molecular sieve (CMS) was investigated experimentally and theoretically by using CO2/CH4 feed (50/50 vol {\%}). Due to the high throughput as well as the high heat of adsorption of the faster diffusing component (CO2), the isothermal assumption was no longer valid and energy balance equations were inevitable for accurate prediction. Owing to the strong concentration dependency of sorption rate, the adsorption dynamics of the CMS bed in the PSA process were predicted by using a modified LDF model with concentration-dependent diffusivity. The nonisothermal and nonadiabatic model successfully predicted the performance of the CMS PSA process, which was operated by the Skarstrom cycle with cocurrent equalization. The purity was significantly affected by the changes in the adsorption pressure and adsorption step time, while the change in the recovery due to these operating variables was relatively small. The purge-to-feed ratio played a key role in improving the productivity based on the production of 90+{\%} CH4 from the CH 4/CO2 mixture.",
author = "Kim, {Min Bae} and Youn-Sang Bae and Choi, {Dae Ki} and Chang-Ha Lee",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
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publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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T1 - Kinetic separation of landfill gas by a two-bed pressure swing adsorption process packed with carbon molecular sieve

T2 - Nonisothermal operation

AU - Kim, Min Bae

AU - Bae, Youn-Sang

AU - Choi, Dae Ki

AU - Lee, Chang-Ha

PY - 2006/7/5

Y1 - 2006/7/5

N2 - To produce pipeline-quality methane with a high level of adsorbent productivity from landfill gas, the pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process with carbon molecular sieve (CMS) was investigated experimentally and theoretically by using CO2/CH4 feed (50/50 vol %). Due to the high throughput as well as the high heat of adsorption of the faster diffusing component (CO2), the isothermal assumption was no longer valid and energy balance equations were inevitable for accurate prediction. Owing to the strong concentration dependency of sorption rate, the adsorption dynamics of the CMS bed in the PSA process were predicted by using a modified LDF model with concentration-dependent diffusivity. The nonisothermal and nonadiabatic model successfully predicted the performance of the CMS PSA process, which was operated by the Skarstrom cycle with cocurrent equalization. The purity was significantly affected by the changes in the adsorption pressure and adsorption step time, while the change in the recovery due to these operating variables was relatively small. The purge-to-feed ratio played a key role in improving the productivity based on the production of 90+% CH4 from the CH 4/CO2 mixture.

AB - To produce pipeline-quality methane with a high level of adsorbent productivity from landfill gas, the pressure swing adsorption (PSA) process with carbon molecular sieve (CMS) was investigated experimentally and theoretically by using CO2/CH4 feed (50/50 vol %). Due to the high throughput as well as the high heat of adsorption of the faster diffusing component (CO2), the isothermal assumption was no longer valid and energy balance equations were inevitable for accurate prediction. Owing to the strong concentration dependency of sorption rate, the adsorption dynamics of the CMS bed in the PSA process were predicted by using a modified LDF model with concentration-dependent diffusivity. The nonisothermal and nonadiabatic model successfully predicted the performance of the CMS PSA process, which was operated by the Skarstrom cycle with cocurrent equalization. The purity was significantly affected by the changes in the adsorption pressure and adsorption step time, while the change in the recovery due to these operating variables was relatively small. The purge-to-feed ratio played a key role in improving the productivity based on the production of 90+% CH4 from the CH 4/CO2 mixture.

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