Kinetic study in modeling pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel

Binlin Dou, Sungjin Lim, Pilsun Kang, Jungho Hwang, Soonho Song, Tae U. Yu, Kyoon Duk Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel (RPF), the typical particle size is large and the time required for pyrolysis is long. Therefore, the rate-limiting mechanisms of gas diffusion and chemical reaction might be important. In this paper, the kinetics of RPF pyrolysis was investigated through a thermogravimetry analysis under isothermal conditions between 300 and 600°C. A kinetic model was used to examine the effects of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion on the rate-limiting steps of RPF pyrolysis. The results show that the rate was controlled by a combination of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion through the solid product layer. The activation energies for the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion were determined to be 70.2 and 65.9 kJ mol-1, respectively. The weight loss of RPF pyrolysis occurred mainly at temperatures higher than 400°C and increased with temperatures. Concentrations of pyrolysis gases including H2, CO, and hydrocarbons were analyzed through a real-time gas analyzer. Gas yields from pyrolysis were sensitive to temperatures higher than 300°C, while a very small amount of gas was released at 300°C

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1447
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1

Fingerprint

Pyrolysis
Plastics
Diffusion in gases
Kinetics
Chemical reactions
Gases
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrocarbons
Temperature
Thermogravimetric analysis
Activation energy
Particle size

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Dou, Binlin ; Lim, Sungjin ; Kang, Pilsun ; Hwang, Jungho ; Song, Soonho ; Yu, Tae U. ; Yoon, Kyoon Duk. / Kinetic study in modeling pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel. In: Energy and Fuels. 2007 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 1442-1447.
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abstract = "For the pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel (RPF), the typical particle size is large and the time required for pyrolysis is long. Therefore, the rate-limiting mechanisms of gas diffusion and chemical reaction might be important. In this paper, the kinetics of RPF pyrolysis was investigated through a thermogravimetry analysis under isothermal conditions between 300 and 600°C. A kinetic model was used to examine the effects of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion on the rate-limiting steps of RPF pyrolysis. The results show that the rate was controlled by a combination of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion through the solid product layer. The activation energies for the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion were determined to be 70.2 and 65.9 kJ mol-1, respectively. The weight loss of RPF pyrolysis occurred mainly at temperatures higher than 400°C and increased with temperatures. Concentrations of pyrolysis gases including H2, CO, and hydrocarbons were analyzed through a real-time gas analyzer. Gas yields from pyrolysis were sensitive to temperatures higher than 300°C, while a very small amount of gas was released at 300°C",
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Dou, B, Lim, S, Kang, P, Hwang, J, Song, S, Yu, TU & Yoon, KD 2007, 'Kinetic study in modeling pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel', Energy and Fuels, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1442-1447. https://doi.org/10.1021/ef060594c

Kinetic study in modeling pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel. / Dou, Binlin; Lim, Sungjin; Kang, Pilsun; Hwang, Jungho; Song, Soonho; Yu, Tae U.; Yoon, Kyoon Duk.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 21, No. 3, 01.05.2007, p. 1442-1447.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yoon, Kyoon Duk

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N2 - For the pyrolysis of refuse plastic fuel (RPF), the typical particle size is large and the time required for pyrolysis is long. Therefore, the rate-limiting mechanisms of gas diffusion and chemical reaction might be important. In this paper, the kinetics of RPF pyrolysis was investigated through a thermogravimetry analysis under isothermal conditions between 300 and 600°C. A kinetic model was used to examine the effects of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion on the rate-limiting steps of RPF pyrolysis. The results show that the rate was controlled by a combination of the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion through the solid product layer. The activation energies for the surface chemical reaction and gas diffusion were determined to be 70.2 and 65.9 kJ mol-1, respectively. The weight loss of RPF pyrolysis occurred mainly at temperatures higher than 400°C and increased with temperatures. Concentrations of pyrolysis gases including H2, CO, and hydrocarbons were analyzed through a real-time gas analyzer. Gas yields from pyrolysis were sensitive to temperatures higher than 300°C, while a very small amount of gas was released at 300°C

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