Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of carbon monoxide over cadmium oxide-lanthanum sesquioxide system

Keu Hong Kim, Sung Han Lee, Yong Rok Kim, Jae Shi Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxidation of carbon monoxide by gaseous oxygen in the presence of a powdered Cd-doped La2O3 catalyst has been investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 450 °C under various CO and O2 partial pressures. The conductivity of Cd-doped La2O3 has been measured at 450 °C under various CO and O2 pressures. The oxidation rates have been correlated with 1.5-order kinetics; the first-order with respect to CO and the 0.5-order with respect to O2. For the above temperature range, the activation energy is around 11.3 kcal · mol-1. CO appears essentially to be chemisorbed on the lattice oxygens of the Cd-doped La2O3, while O2 adsorbs as ions on the oxygen vacancies induced by Cd-doping. The agreement between the kinetic data and conductivities supports the proposed oxidation mechanism and the dominant defect of Cd-doped La2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume88
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984 Aug

Fingerprint

Lanthanum oxides
lanthanum oxides
Lanthanum
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
Cadmium
carbon monoxide
cadmium
Oxidation
oxidation
Kinetics
kinetics
oxygen
conductivity
Oxygen
Oxygen vacancies
Partial pressure
partial pressure
Activation energy
Doping (additives)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of carbon monoxide over cadmium oxide-lanthanum sesquioxide system",
abstract = "The oxidation of carbon monoxide by gaseous oxygen in the presence of a powdered Cd-doped La2O3 catalyst has been investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 450 °C under various CO and O2 partial pressures. The conductivity of Cd-doped La2O3 has been measured at 450 °C under various CO and O2 pressures. The oxidation rates have been correlated with 1.5-order kinetics; the first-order with respect to CO and the 0.5-order with respect to O2. For the above temperature range, the activation energy is around 11.3 kcal · mol-1. CO appears essentially to be chemisorbed on the lattice oxygens of the Cd-doped La2O3, while O2 adsorbs as ions on the oxygen vacancies induced by Cd-doping. The agreement between the kinetic data and conductivities supports the proposed oxidation mechanism and the dominant defect of Cd-doped La2O3.",
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Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of carbon monoxide over cadmium oxide-lanthanum sesquioxide system. / Kim, Keu Hong; Lee, Sung Han; Kim, Yong Rok; Choi, Jae Shi.

In: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 88, No. 2, 08.1984, p. 283-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of carbon monoxide over cadmium oxide-lanthanum sesquioxide system

AU - Kim, Keu Hong

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N2 - The oxidation of carbon monoxide by gaseous oxygen in the presence of a powdered Cd-doped La2O3 catalyst has been investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 450 °C under various CO and O2 partial pressures. The conductivity of Cd-doped La2O3 has been measured at 450 °C under various CO and O2 pressures. The oxidation rates have been correlated with 1.5-order kinetics; the first-order with respect to CO and the 0.5-order with respect to O2. For the above temperature range, the activation energy is around 11.3 kcal · mol-1. CO appears essentially to be chemisorbed on the lattice oxygens of the Cd-doped La2O3, while O2 adsorbs as ions on the oxygen vacancies induced by Cd-doping. The agreement between the kinetic data and conductivities supports the proposed oxidation mechanism and the dominant defect of Cd-doped La2O3.

AB - The oxidation of carbon monoxide by gaseous oxygen in the presence of a powdered Cd-doped La2O3 catalyst has been investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 450 °C under various CO and O2 partial pressures. The conductivity of Cd-doped La2O3 has been measured at 450 °C under various CO and O2 pressures. The oxidation rates have been correlated with 1.5-order kinetics; the first-order with respect to CO and the 0.5-order with respect to O2. For the above temperature range, the activation energy is around 11.3 kcal · mol-1. CO appears essentially to be chemisorbed on the lattice oxygens of the Cd-doped La2O3, while O2 adsorbs as ions on the oxygen vacancies induced by Cd-doping. The agreement between the kinetic data and conductivities supports the proposed oxidation mechanism and the dominant defect of Cd-doped La2O3.

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