In this study, α-Fe2 O3 spherical particles with an average diameter of approximately 200 nm were synthesized by a solvothermal method for use as both a catalyst and medium for a Pd catalyst. The kinetics of CO oxidation over powders of α-Fe2 O3 spherical particles and 14 wt % Pd/α-Fe2 O3 spherical particles were measured in a static reactor by using a CO2 laser-based photoacoustic technique. The total pressure was fixed at 40 Torr for the CO/O2/N2 mixture for temperatures in the range of 225–350◦ C. The variation in the CO2 photoacoustic signal with the CO2 concentration during CO oxidation was recorded as a function of time, and the CO2 photoacoustic data at the early reaction stage was used to estimate the rates of CO2 formation. Based on plots of ln(rate) vs. 1/T, apparent activation energies were calculated as 13.4 kcal/mol for the α-Fe2 O3 submicron powder and 13.2 kcal/mol for the 14 wt % Pd/α-Fe2 O3 submicron powder. Reaction orders with respect to CO and O2 were determined from the rates measured at various partial pressures of CO and O2 at 350◦ C. The zero-order of the reaction with respect to Po2 was observed for CO oxidation over α-Fe2 O3 submicron powder, while 0.48 order to Po2 was observed for CO oxidation over Pd/α-Fe2 O3 submicron powder. The partial orders with respect to PCO were determined as 0.58 and 0.54 for the α-Fe2 O3, and the Pd/α-Fe2 O3 submicron powders, respectively. The kinetic results obtained from both catalysts were compared with those for the α-Fe2 O3 fine powder catalysts and were used to understand the reaction mechanism.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: This research was partially supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (NRF-2012R1A1A2005806). J.-G.C. also thanks to Hyundai Electric and Energy Systems Co. for their partial support.
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry