Know thyself: misperceptions of actual performance undermine achievement motivation, future performance, and subjective well-being.

Young Hoon Kim, Chi Yue Chiu, Zhimin Zou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)


Contrary to the popular assumption that self-enhancement improves task motivation and future performance, the authors propose that both inflated and deflated self-assessments of performance are linked to an increased likelihood of practicing self-handicapping and having relatively poor performance in future tasks. Consistent with this proposal, we found that irrespective of the level of actual performance, compared with accurate self-assessment, both inflated and deflated self-assessments of task performance are associated with a greater tendency to (a) practice self-handicapping (Study 1: prefer to work under distraction; Study 2: withhold preparatory effort), (b) perform relatively poorly in a subsequent task (Study 3), (c) have relatively low academic achievement (Study 4), and (d) report a relatively low level of subjective well-being (Study 5). The authors discuss these results in terms of their educational implications. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-409
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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