Korean nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria in 1997

Yunsop Chong, Kyungwon Lee, Yeon Joon Park, Dong Seok Jeon, Myung Hee Lee, Moon Yeun Kim, Chul Hun Chang, Eui Chong Kim, Nam Yong Lee, Hyon Suk Kim, Eun Suk Kang, Hyun Chan Cho, In Ki Paik, Hye Soo Lee, Sook Jin Jang, Ae Ja Park, Young Joo Cha, Sung Ha Kang, Wonkeun Song, Jong Hee Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria are known to be prevalent in tertiary- care hospitals in Korea. Twenty hospitals participated to this surveillance to determine the nationwide prevalence of resistance bacteria in 1997. Seven per cent and 26% of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were resistant to 3rd-generation cephalosporin. Increased resistance rates, 19% of Acinetobacter baumannii to ampicillin/sulbactam, and 17% of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem, were noted. The resistance rate to fluoroquinolone rose to 24% in E. coli, 56% in A. baumannii and 42% in P. aeruginosa. Mean resistance rates were similar in all hospital groups: about 17% of P. aeruginosa to imipenem, 50% of Haemophilus influenzae to ampicillin, 70% of Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin, and 70% of pneumococci to penicillin. In conclusion, nosocomial pathogens and problem resistant organisms are prevalent in smaller hospitals too, indicating nosocomial spread is a significant cause of the increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-577
Number of pages9
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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