Thirty patients with nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, who underwent systemic chemotherapy with or without involved-field radiotherapy between 1993 and 1998, were retrospectively reviewed to determine the clinical significance of P-glycoprotein inummohistochemically identified in tumor specimens. Eighty percent of previously untreated patients expressed P-glycoprotein. According to P-glycoprotein immunoreactivity, all patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma were divided into 2 groups; (a) P-glycoprotein-negative group (N = 6) and (b) P-glycoprotein-positive group (N = 24). There was no significant difference in clinical profiles between both groups. Regardless of the P-glycoprotein expressions, Epstein-Barr virus genomes were almost identically detected in patients of the 2 groups. Contrary to our expectations, however, P-glycoprotein expressions were not found to be a strong predictor of chemotherapy resistance. Although 2 (33%) of 6 P-glycoprotein-negative patients and 10 (42%) of the 24 P-glycoprotein-positive patients showed a favorable response to systemic chemotherapy, 4 (67%) of 6 P-glycoprotein-negative patients did not achieve complete response (CR) to chemotherapy, which led to an early death, whereas 4 (17%) of the 24 P-glycoprotein-positive patients achieved CR to chemotherapy despite positive P-glycoprotein immunoreactivity. Overall, there were no significant differences in either CR rate or the response rate of patients in the two groups. Overall 5-year actuarial survival and disease-free survival for all patients were 44% and 47%, respectively, but no differences in survival rates were observed between 2 groups. (5-year actuarial survival rate: 33% for the P-glycoprotein-negative, 50% for the P-glycoprotein-positive) (P = 0.7093, log-rank). On univariate and multivariate analyses, P-glycoprotein expressions by immunohistochemical study were not found to be an important prognostic factor. Given these observations, we conclude that the molecular mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapy in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma patients are not entirely dependent on P-glycoprotein, and that other complex mechanisms of drug action and resistance may be likely to be involved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research