The development of advanced processes for the efficacious energy materials such as dimethyl ether (DME) from biomass-driven feedstocks is challenging. This feasibility study was aimed at achieving process intensification by optimizing the feed shift strategy for the methanol dehydration. The utilization of bio-methanol feed instead of the conventional stream was investigated in four systems configured with two processes (adiabatic and non-adiabatic) and two catalyst types (γ-Al2O3 and ZSM-5). A rigorous mathematical model was developed, which was validated against real data from pilot- and plant-scale reactors. The optimum conditions were then determined using a multi-objective genetic algorithm. The feed temperature, flow rate, and composition significantly affected the DME yield. The optimization indicated that the non-adiabatic reactor with the ZSM-5 catalyst offered higher DME yields at lower temperatures and pressures. However, the system with the shell-and-tube type reactor requires a more complex design. The highest DME yield (39.55%) was obtained when the system operated at 529.4 K and 21.3 bar for a 10616.06 kmol/h bio-methanol feed with 90% of the alcoholic compound. These results can establish guidelines for the design of reactors to convert bio-methanol into DME. A future study on economic constraints would shed light on screening for the best strategy.
|Journal||Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
A. Bakhtyari and M. Mofarahi are sincerely grateful for the sponsorships from Iran's National Elites Foundation and Iran National Science Foundation: INSF (Project No.: 4003871 ). The authors are also sincerely grateful for supporting this research by Persian Gulf University and Yonsei University . This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( 2019K1A4A7A03113187 ).
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering