We here report that the abrasion resistance of nanoparticulate TiO2 self-cleaning layers can be highly enhanced without a considerable loss of photocatalytic capability. TiO2 coating layers solution-deposited onto the glass substrate were irradiated by a pulsed ultraviolet (UV) laser at 355nm, which modified the surface morphologies via laser-induced local melting of TiO2 nanoparticles. The surface hardness, measured by pencil scratch test, improved with increasing laser power (P). While an unmodified TiO2 layer revealed a hardness of 6B, it increased to 2H after the surface was irradiated at P=0.3W. Almost all of the stearic acid deposited on an unmodified sample disappeared after UV exposure for 12h. The photocatalytic decomposition was slowed down on laser-irradiated TiO2 surfaces and this is attributed to the reduction of specific surface areas as a result of the morphological modifications. However, a TiO2 layer hardened to 2H still exhibited fairly good photocatalytic activity, decomposing more than 75% of the stearic acid after exposure for the same duration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry