Aims: Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and clinical outcomes of late-acquired incomplete stent apposition (LAISA) after implantation of first-and second-generation drug-eluting stents in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods and results: Late-Acquired incomplete stent aPPOsition after everolimus-eluting stent versus sirolimus-eluting Stent ImplanTatION in pAtients with non ST-segment elevation Myocardial Infarction and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (APPOSITION-AMI) was a prospective, randomised study comparing LAISA after everolimus-eluting stent (EES) and sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation in AMI patients. Intravascular ultrasound examination was serially performed post-procedurally and at eight-month follow-up in 195 AMI patients (205 native coronary lesions: 100 EES; 105 SES). LAISA was observed in 6.0% and 16.2% of EES-vs. SES-treated lesions (p=0.021), respectively. In 64.7% of SEStreated lesions, LAISA was caused by positive remodelling, whereas thrombus dissolution or plaque reduction was observed in 66.7% of EES-treated lesions. Among patients with LAISA, MACE developed in one (4.5%) in the SES group with no ST in either group up to one year. Conclusions: The incidence of LAISA was lower in AMI patients treated with EES as compared to SES, mainly secondary to positive remodelling in SES-but not EES-treated lesions. Patients with LAISA in both groups showed a very low MACE incidence at one-year follow-up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine