One approach to enhance the energy efficiency of buildings is the integration of construction materials of latent heat storage biocomposites, which are prepared by vacuum impregnating the phase change material into biochar. Biochar is used because it is highly utilized and environmentally-friendly, and the selected phase change materials are fatty acid type which are bio-based material and have a low risk of depletion. Experimental results showed that latent heat storage biocomposite possesses excellent exudation and thermal stability as characterized by 0.1727 W/mK of thermal conductivity comparable to that for a gypsum board, and good chemical compatibility as its amount of latent heat tends to decrease as compared with that of pure phase change material. Results of the numerical analysis showed further that latent heat storage biocomposite efficiently reduced the maximum energy consumption of reference building models by 531.31 kWh per year. Thus, both results validate the claim that latent heat storage biocomposite is a promising building material.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20194010201850 ).
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)