As an emerging concept for the development of new materials with nanoscale features, nanoarchitectonics has received significant recent attention. Among the various approaches that have been developed in this area, the fixed-direction construction of functional materials, such as layered fabrication, offers a helpful starting point to demonstrate the huge potential of nanoarchitectonics. In particular, the combination of nanoarchitectonics with layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly and a large degree of freedom in component availability and technical applicability would offer significant benefits to the fabrication of functional materials. In this Minireview, recent progress in LbL assembly is briefly summarized. After introducing the basics of LbL assembly, recent advances in LbL research are discussed, categorized according to physical, chemical, and biological innovations, along with the fabrication of hierarchical structures. Examples of LbL assemblies with graphene oxide are also described to demonstrate the broad applicability of LbL assembly, even with a fixed material.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry