Leptin signalling pathways in hypothalamic neurons

Obin Kwon, Kiwoo Kim, Min Seon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leptin is the most critical hormone in the homeostatic regulation of energy balance among those so far discovered. Leptin primarily acts on the neurons of the mediobasal part of hypothalamus to regulate food intake, thermogenesis, and the blood glucose level. In the hypothalamic neurons, leptin binding to the long form leptin receptors on the plasma membrane initiates multiple signaling cascades. The signaling pathways known to mediate the actions of leptin include JAK-STAT signaling, PI3K-Akt-FoxO1 signaling, SHP2-ERK signaling, AMPK signaling, and mTOR-S6K signaling. Recent evidence suggests that leptin signaling in hypothalamic neurons is also linked to primary cilia function. On the other hand, signaling molecules/pathways mitigating leptin actions in hypothalamic neurons have been extensively investigated in an effort to treat leptin resistance observed in obesity. These include SOCS3, tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B, and inflammatory signaling pathways such as IKK-NFκB and JNK signaling, and ER stress-mitochondrial signaling. In this review, we discuss leptin signaling pathways in the hypothalamus, with a particular focus on the most recently discovered pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1477
Number of pages21
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Leptin
Neurons
Hypothalamus
Leptin Receptors
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
Thermogenesis
Cilia
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Tyrosine
Blood Glucose
Obesity
Eating
Cell Membrane
Hormones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kwon, Obin ; Kim, Kiwoo ; Kim, Min Seon. / Leptin signalling pathways in hypothalamic neurons. In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 73, No. 7. pp. 1457-1477.
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Leptin signalling pathways in hypothalamic neurons. / Kwon, Obin; Kim, Kiwoo; Kim, Min Seon.

In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Vol. 73, No. 7, 01.04.2016, p. 1457-1477.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AB - Leptin is the most critical hormone in the homeostatic regulation of energy balance among those so far discovered. Leptin primarily acts on the neurons of the mediobasal part of hypothalamus to regulate food intake, thermogenesis, and the blood glucose level. In the hypothalamic neurons, leptin binding to the long form leptin receptors on the plasma membrane initiates multiple signaling cascades. The signaling pathways known to mediate the actions of leptin include JAK-STAT signaling, PI3K-Akt-FoxO1 signaling, SHP2-ERK signaling, AMPK signaling, and mTOR-S6K signaling. Recent evidence suggests that leptin signaling in hypothalamic neurons is also linked to primary cilia function. On the other hand, signaling molecules/pathways mitigating leptin actions in hypothalamic neurons have been extensively investigated in an effort to treat leptin resistance observed in obesity. These include SOCS3, tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B, and inflammatory signaling pathways such as IKK-NFκB and JNK signaling, and ER stress-mitochondrial signaling. In this review, we discuss leptin signaling pathways in the hypothalamus, with a particular focus on the most recently discovered pathways.

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