Leukopenia Predicts Remission in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Behcet’s Disease on Thiopurine Maintenance

Mi Sung Park, Dong Hyun Kim, Duk Hwan Kim, Soo Jung Park, Sung Pil Hong, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim, Jae Hee Cheon

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Backgrounds: The thiopurine drugs, azathioprine (AZA), and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) are well-established drugs for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although leukopenia is a well-recognized side effect of AZA/6-MP treatment, its association with therapeutic effects has yet to be determined. We therefore evaluated the influences of thiopurine-induced leukopenia on the long-term prognosis of IBD.

Methods: We included 196 IBD patients [45 with ulcerative colitis (UC), 68 with Crohn’s disease (CD), and 83 with intestinal Behçet’s disease (BD)] who were treated with AZA/6-MP and achieved remission between January 2006 and December 2012. We retrospectively analyzed patient characteristics, AZA/6-MP maintenance dose (mg/kg), the lowest white blood cell (WBC) count during AZA/6-MP treatment, duration of remission, and the occurrence of relapse. We compared the clinical variables between leukopenic (n = 120, WBC count <4,000/μL) and nonleukopenic (n = 76, WBC count ≥4,000/μL) patients.

Results: The two groups were well matched for baseline clinical characteristics. The cumulative relapse-free survival rate was higher in the leukopenic group than the nonleukopenic group by Kaplan–Meier survival analysis (log-rank test, P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, age, duration of AZA/6-MP treatment, presence of macrocytosis, and the presence of leukopenia were negatively associated with relapse (odds ratios 0.975, 0.988, 0.563, and 0.390, respectively). On subgroup analysis, the cumulative relapse-free survival rate was significantly higher in the leukopenic group than in the nonleukopenic group for all types of IBDs, including UC, CD, and intestinal BD (log-rank test, P = 0.032, 0.047, and 0.002, respectively).

Conclusion: Leukopenia during thiopurine maintenance therapy was associated with prolonged remission in patients with IBD and Behcet’s disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-204
Number of pages10
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a Grant (2013-E63004-00) from the Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and a Grant of the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (Grant Number A120176).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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