Leukotactin-1 (Lkn-1)/CCL15 is a recently cloned CC-chemokine that binds to the CCR1 and CCR3. Although Lkn-1 has been known to function as a chemoattractant for neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes, its cellular mechanism remains unclear. To understand the mechanism of Lkn-1-induced chemotaxis signaling, we examined the chemotactic activities of human osteogenic sarcoma cells expressing CCR1 in response to Lkn-1 using inhibitors of signaling molecules. Inhibitors of Gi/Go protein, phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) inhibited the chemotactic activity of Lkn-1 indicating that Lkn-1-induced chemotaxis signal is transduced through Gi/Go protein, PLC and PKCδ. The activities of PLC and PKCδ were also enhanced by Lkn-1 stimulation. Chemotactic activity of Lkn-1 was inhibited by the treatment of cycloheximide and actinomycin D suggesting that newly synthesized proteins are needed for chemotaxis. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor reduced chemotactic activity of Lkn-1. DNA binding activity of NF-κB was also enhanced by Lkn-1 stimulation. These results suggest that Lkn-1 transduces the signal through Gi/Go protein, PLC, PKCδ, NF-κB and newly synthesized proteins for chemotaxis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the research fund to Immunomodulation Research Center, University of Ulsan from Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology