This study investigated lifecycle CO2 (LCCO2) emission reductions through application of double-window casement systems (DWCS) in residential units in Korea, compared with conventional single windows (SWs). The DWCS is a double window system that is energy-efficient, reducing energy consumption during operation. However, this system incorporates increased embodied CO2 emissions. We evaluated LCCO2 reductions associated with use of the DWCS by calculating CO2 emissions during space conditioning as well as the embodied CO2 emissions of the DWCS. The results showed that use of DWCS in a residential unit during the cooling season had 26.2 and 27.4 t CO2 fewer emissions than SWs in the natural ventilation and minimum ventilation modes, respectively. Although implementation of DWCS is expected to substantially reduce LCCO2 emissions, the large embodied CO2 emissions of the aluminum frame reduce the benefits of the DWCS.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 by the authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Energy (miscellaneous)
- Control and Optimization
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering