Chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) is a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) and a crucial target for various inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The structure based antagonists design for many GPCRs, including CCR2, is restricted by the lack of an experimental three dimensional structure. Homology modeling is widely used for the study of GPCR-ligand binding. Since there is substantial diversity for the ligand binding pocket and binding modes among GPCRs, the receptor-ligand binding mode predictions should be derived from homology modeling with supported ligand information. Thus, we modeled the binding of our proprietary CCR2 antagonist using ligand supported homology modeling followed by consensus scoring the docking evaluation based on all modeled binding sites. The protein-ligand model was then validated by visual inspection of receptor-ligand interaction for consistency of published site-directed mutagenesis data and virtual screening a decoy compound database. This model was able to successfully identify active compounds within the decoy database. Finally, additional hit compounds were identified through a docking-based virtual screening of a commercial database, followed by a biological assay to validate CCR2 inhibitory activity. Thus, this procedure can be employed to screen a large database of compounds to identify new CCR2 antagonists.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Inorganic Chemistry