Light differentially regulates the expression of two members of the auxin-induced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene family in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seedlings

Sunjoo Joo, Ky Young Park, Woo Taek Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Auxin induces the expression of the two ethylene-biosynthetic genes VR-ACS6 and VR-ACS7 in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls. However, while it also enhances VR-ACS6 expression in light-grown tissues, it does not up-regulate VR-ACS7 expression in these tissues. Here we show that transfer of 3-day-old etiolated seedlings into light quickly reduced the auxin-induced expression of both genes. However, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 expression recovered after 24 h of light, VR-ACS7 transcription continued to reduce and was almost completely absent at 36 h. Thus, light differentially modulates the expression of the auxin-inducible VR-ACS genes. In hormone-treated etiolated seedlings, VR-ACS7 was primarily induced in the rapidly elongating zones of hypocotyl and epicotyl tissues, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 mRNA was evenly distributed throughout the whole seedling. VR-ACS7 promoter-driven β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in auxin-treated etiolated transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings was observed in the highly elongating zones of the hypocotyl. During de-etiolation, the GUS activity gradually declined to become confined to the uppermost region of hypocotyls. In situ mRNA localization studies showed that in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls, the auxin-dependent VR-ACS7 transcript was predominantly present in the epidermis, which is the driving site for auxin-mediated elongation. Thus, it appears that the modulation by light of auxin-induced VR-ACS7 expression may correlate closely with the elongation growth response in early seedling development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)976-988
Number of pages13
JournalPlanta
Volume218
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr 1

Fingerprint

1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylate synthase
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase
Indoleacetic Acids
Vigna radiata
mung beans
Seedlings
auxins
Hypocotyl
Light
seedlings
hypocotyls
Genes
genes
Glucuronidase
Etiolation
etiolation
Vigna
Messenger RNA
epicotyls
epidermis (plant)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Light differentially regulates the expression of two members of the auxin-induced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene family in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seedlings",
abstract = "Auxin induces the expression of the two ethylene-biosynthetic genes VR-ACS6 and VR-ACS7 in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls. However, while it also enhances VR-ACS6 expression in light-grown tissues, it does not up-regulate VR-ACS7 expression in these tissues. Here we show that transfer of 3-day-old etiolated seedlings into light quickly reduced the auxin-induced expression of both genes. However, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 expression recovered after 24 h of light, VR-ACS7 transcription continued to reduce and was almost completely absent at 36 h. Thus, light differentially modulates the expression of the auxin-inducible VR-ACS genes. In hormone-treated etiolated seedlings, VR-ACS7 was primarily induced in the rapidly elongating zones of hypocotyl and epicotyl tissues, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 mRNA was evenly distributed throughout the whole seedling. VR-ACS7 promoter-driven β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in auxin-treated etiolated transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings was observed in the highly elongating zones of the hypocotyl. During de-etiolation, the GUS activity gradually declined to become confined to the uppermost region of hypocotyls. In situ mRNA localization studies showed that in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls, the auxin-dependent VR-ACS7 transcript was predominantly present in the epidermis, which is the driving site for auxin-mediated elongation. Thus, it appears that the modulation by light of auxin-induced VR-ACS7 expression may correlate closely with the elongation growth response in early seedling development.",
author = "Sunjoo Joo and Park, {Ky Young} and Kim, {Woo Taek}",
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T1 - Light differentially regulates the expression of two members of the auxin-induced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase gene family in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) seedlings

AU - Joo, Sunjoo

AU - Park, Ky Young

AU - Kim, Woo Taek

PY - 2004/4/1

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N2 - Auxin induces the expression of the two ethylene-biosynthetic genes VR-ACS6 and VR-ACS7 in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls. However, while it also enhances VR-ACS6 expression in light-grown tissues, it does not up-regulate VR-ACS7 expression in these tissues. Here we show that transfer of 3-day-old etiolated seedlings into light quickly reduced the auxin-induced expression of both genes. However, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 expression recovered after 24 h of light, VR-ACS7 transcription continued to reduce and was almost completely absent at 36 h. Thus, light differentially modulates the expression of the auxin-inducible VR-ACS genes. In hormone-treated etiolated seedlings, VR-ACS7 was primarily induced in the rapidly elongating zones of hypocotyl and epicotyl tissues, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 mRNA was evenly distributed throughout the whole seedling. VR-ACS7 promoter-driven β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in auxin-treated etiolated transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings was observed in the highly elongating zones of the hypocotyl. During de-etiolation, the GUS activity gradually declined to become confined to the uppermost region of hypocotyls. In situ mRNA localization studies showed that in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls, the auxin-dependent VR-ACS7 transcript was predominantly present in the epidermis, which is the driving site for auxin-mediated elongation. Thus, it appears that the modulation by light of auxin-induced VR-ACS7 expression may correlate closely with the elongation growth response in early seedling development.

AB - Auxin induces the expression of the two ethylene-biosynthetic genes VR-ACS6 and VR-ACS7 in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls. However, while it also enhances VR-ACS6 expression in light-grown tissues, it does not up-regulate VR-ACS7 expression in these tissues. Here we show that transfer of 3-day-old etiolated seedlings into light quickly reduced the auxin-induced expression of both genes. However, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 expression recovered after 24 h of light, VR-ACS7 transcription continued to reduce and was almost completely absent at 36 h. Thus, light differentially modulates the expression of the auxin-inducible VR-ACS genes. In hormone-treated etiolated seedlings, VR-ACS7 was primarily induced in the rapidly elongating zones of hypocotyl and epicotyl tissues, while auxin-induced VR-ACS6 mRNA was evenly distributed throughout the whole seedling. VR-ACS7 promoter-driven β-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in auxin-treated etiolated transgenic Arabidopsis seedlings was observed in the highly elongating zones of the hypocotyl. During de-etiolation, the GUS activity gradually declined to become confined to the uppermost region of hypocotyls. In situ mRNA localization studies showed that in etiolated mung bean hypocotyls, the auxin-dependent VR-ACS7 transcript was predominantly present in the epidermis, which is the driving site for auxin-mediated elongation. Thus, it appears that the modulation by light of auxin-induced VR-ACS7 expression may correlate closely with the elongation growth response in early seedling development.

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