Linear and non-linear flow mode in Pb–Pb collisions at sNN=2.76 TeV

S. Acharya, D. Adamová, J. Adolfsson, M. M. Aggarwal, G. Aglieri Rinella, M. Agnello, N. Agrawal, Z. Ahammed, N. Ahmad, S. U. Ahn, S. Aiola, A. Akindinov, S. N. Alam, J. L.B. Alba, D. S.D. Albuquerque, D. Aleksandrov, B. Alessandro, R. Alfaro Molina, A. Alici, A. AlkinJ. Alme, T. Alt, L. Altenkamper, I. Altsybeev, C. Alves Garcia Prado, M. An, C. Andrei, D. Andreou, H. A. Andrews, A. Andronic, V. Anguelov, C. Anson, T. Antičić, F. Antinori, P. Antonioli, R. Anwar, L. Aphecetche, H. Appelshäuser, S. Arcelli, R. Arnaldi, O. W. Arnold, I. C. Arsene, M. Arslandok, B. Audurier, A. Augustinus, R. Averbeck, M. D. Azmi, A. Badalà, Y. W. Baek, S. Bagnasco, R. Bailhache, R. Bala, A. Baldisseri, M. Ball, R. C. Baral, A. M. Barbano, R. Barbera, F. Barile, L. Barioglio, G. G. Barnaföldi, L. S. Barnby, V. Barret, P. Bartalini, K. Barth, E. Bartsch, M. Basile, N. Bastid, S. Basu, B. Bathen, G. Batigne, A. Batista Camejo, B. Batyunya, P. C. Batzing, I. G. Bearden, H. Beck, C. Bedda, N. K. Behera, I. 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Chapeland, M. Chartier, J. L. Charvet, S. Chattopadhyay, S. Chattopadhyay, A. Chauvin, M. Cherney, C. Cheshkov, B. Cheynis, V. Chibante Barroso, D. D. Chinellato, S. Cho, P. Chochula, K. Choi, M. Chojnacki, S. Choudhury, T. Chowdhury, P. Christakoglou, C. H. Christensen, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, S. U. Chung, C. Cicalo, L. Cifarelli, F. Cindolo, J. Cleymans, F. Colamaria, D. Colella, A. Collu, M. Colocci, M. Concas, G. Conesa Balbastre, Z. Conesa del Valle, M. E. Connors, J. G. Contreras, T. M. Cormier, Y. Corrales Morales, I. Cortés Maldonado, P. Cortese, M. R. Cosentino, F. Costa, S. Costanza, J. Crkovská, P. Crochet, E. Cuautle, L. Cunqueiro, T. Dahms, A. Dainese, M. C. Danisch, A. Danu, D. Das, I. Das, S. Das, A. Dash, S. Dash, S. De, A. De Caro, G. de Cataldo, C. de Conti, J. de Cuveland, A. De Falco, D. De Gruttola, N. De Marco, S. De Pasquale, R. D. De Souza, H. F. Degenhardt, A. Deisting, A. Deloff, C. Deplano, P. Dhankher, D. Di Bari, A. Di Mauro, P. Di Nezza, B. Di Ruzza, M. A. Diaz Corchero, T. Dietel, P. Dillenseger, R. Divià, Djuvsland, A. Dobrin, D. Domenicis Gimenez, B. Dönigus, O. Dordic, L. V.V. Doremalen, T. Drozhzhova, A. K. Dubey, A. Dubla, L. Ducroux, A. K. Duggal, P. Dupieux, R. J. Ehlers, D. Elia, E. Endress, H. Engel, E. Epple, B. Erazmus, F. Erhardt, B. Espagnon, S. Esumi, G. Eulisse, J. Eum, D. Evans, S. Evdokimov, L. Fabbietti, J. Faivre, A. Fantoni, M. Fasel, L. Feldkamp, A. Feliciello, G. Feofilov, J. Ferencei, A. Fernández Téllez, E. G. Ferreiro, A. Ferretti, A. Festanti, V. J.G. Feuillard, J. Figiel, M. A.S. Figueredo, S. Filchagin, D. Finogeev, F. M. Fionda, E. M. Fiore, M. Floris, S. Foertsch, P. Foka, S. Fokin, E. Fragiacomo, A. Francescon, A. Francisco, U. Frankenfeld, G. G. Fronze, U. Fuchs, C. Furget, A. Furs, M. Fusco Girard, J. J. Gaardhøje, M. Gagliardi, A. M. Gago, K. Gajdosova, M. Gallio, C. D. Galvan, P. Ganoti, C. Gao, C. Garabatos, E. Garcia-Solis, K. Garg, P. Garg, C. Gargiulo, P. Gasik, E. F. Gauger, M. B. 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Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The second and the third order anisotropic flow, V2 and V3, are mostly determined by the corresponding initial spatial anisotropy coefficients, ε2 and ε3, in the initial density distribution. In addition to their dependence on the same order initial anisotropy coefficient, higher order anisotropic flow, Vn (n>3), can also have a significant contribution from lower order initial anisotropy coefficients, which leads to mode-coupling effects. In this Letter we investigate the linear and non-linear modes in higher order anisotropic flow Vn for n=4, 5, 6 with the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The measurements are done for particles in the pseudorapidity range |η|<0.8 and the transverse momentum range 0.2<pT<5.0 GeV/c as a function of collision centrality. The results are compared with theoretical calculations and provide important constraints on the initial conditions, including initial spatial geometry and its fluctuations, as well as the ratio of the shear viscosity to entropy density of the produced system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-80
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume773
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The ALICE Collaboration would like to thank all its engineers and technicians for their invaluable contributions to the construction of the experiment and the CERN accelerator teams for the outstanding performance of the LHC complex. The ALICE Collaboration gratefully acknowledges the resources and support provided by all Grid centres and the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) collaboration . The ALICE Collaboration acknowledges the following funding agencies for their support in building and running the ALICE detector: A. I. Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory (Yerevan Physics Institute) Foundation (ANSL) , State Committee of Science and World Federation of Scientists (WFS), Armenia; Austrian Academy of Sciences and Österreichische Nationalstiftung für Forschung, Technologie und Entwicklung , Austria; Ministry of Communications and High Technologies , National Nuclear Research Center , Azerbaijan; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (Finep) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Brazil; Ministry of Science & Technology of China (MSTC), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and Ministry of Education of China (MOEC), China; Ministry of Science, Education and Sports and Croatian Science Foundation , Croatia; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic; The Danish Council for Independent Research — Natural Sciences , the Carlsberg Foundation and Danish National Research Foundation (DNRF), Denmark; Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP), Finland; Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique ( CEA ) and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3) and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France; Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung und Technologie ( BMBF ) and GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH , Germany; General Secretariat for Research and Technology , Ministry of Education, Research and Religions , Greece; National Research, Development and Innovation Office , Hungary; Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India (DAE) and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ( CSIR ), New Delhi, India; Indonesian Institute of Science , Indonesia; Centro Fermi - Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare ( INFN ), Italy; Institute for Innovative Science and Technology, Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science (IIST), Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI and Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology ( MEXT ), Japan; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), through Fondo de Cooperatión Internacional en Ciencia y Tecnología (FONCICYT) and Dirección General de Asuntos del Personal Académico (DGAPA), Mexico; Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Netherlands; The Research Council of Norway , Norway; Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South (COMSATS), Pakistan; Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú , Peru; Ministry of Science and Higher Education and National Science Centre, Poland ; Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information and National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF ), Republic of Korea; Ministry of Education and Scientific Research , Institute of Atomic Physics and Romanian National Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation , Romania; Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation and National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute , Russia; Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic , Slovakia; National Research Foundation of South Africa, South Africa; Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN), Cubaenergía , Cuba; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación and Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Spain; Swedish Research Council (VR) and Knut & Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW), Sweden; European Organization for Nuclear Research , Switzerland; National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSDTA), Suranaree University of Technology (SUT) and Office of the Higher Education Commission under NRU project of Thailand , Thailand; Turkish Atomic Energy Agency ( TAEK ), Turkey; National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine , Ukraine; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United Kingdom; National Science Foundation of the United States of America (NSF) and United States Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics (DOE NP), United States of America.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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