Linking Healthcare and Social Service Databases to Study the Epidemiology of Child Maltreatment and Associated Health Problems: Hong Kong's Experience

Camilla Kin Ming Lo, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Edward Ko Ling Chan, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Rosa Sze Man Wong, Chun Bong Chow, Anita Man Ching Tsang, Winnie Wan Yee Tso, Patrick Ip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the incidence and trend of child maltreatment and its associated health problems in Hong Kong by linking healthcare and social service databases. Study design: Data on 4816 children under the age of 18 years registered with the Child Protection Registry and matching health records in public hospitals in Hong Kong from 2003 to 2010 were extracted. Associations were examined between different types of child maltreatment and child's medical diagnosis according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision codes including suicidal attempt (X60-X84), nonchild maltreatment related injuries (S00-S99; T00-T98, excluding T74 and T76 that are maltreatment related injuries), mental health problems (F00-F99), and congenital malformations/chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99). Results: Significant rising trends were found for child physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse during the period from 2003 to 2010. Psychological abuse remained stable. Risk of suicide attempt was higher among children suffering from sexual abuse, psychological abuse, and children experiencing multiple abuses; mental health diagnoses were more common in victims of psychological and multiple abuses. Congenital malformations and chromosomal abnormalities were more commonly found among neglected children. Conclusions: In contrast to the decreasing trend observed in the West during the study period, there has been an escalating trend in child maltreatment in Hong Kong and child maltreatment is strongly associated with major health problems. This is one of the first studies to demonstrate the power of linking healthcare and social service databases, which allows for both a better understanding of the impact of child maltreatment and as a guide future policy and service planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-299.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume202
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Hong Kong
Social Work
Epidemiology
Databases
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Psychology
Chromosome Aberrations
Mental Health
Sexual Child Abuse
Public Hospitals
Sex Offenses
Wounds and Injuries
International Classification of Diseases
Suicide
Registries
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Lo, Camilla Kin Ming ; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing ; Chan, Edward Ko Ling ; Wong, Wilfred Hing Sang ; Wong, Rosa Sze Man ; Chow, Chun Bong ; Tsang, Anita Man Ching ; Tso, Winnie Wan Yee ; Ip, Patrick. / Linking Healthcare and Social Service Databases to Study the Epidemiology of Child Maltreatment and Associated Health Problems : Hong Kong's Experience. In: Journal of Pediatrics. 2018 ; Vol. 202. pp. 291-299.e1.
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abstract = "Objective: To examine the incidence and trend of child maltreatment and its associated health problems in Hong Kong by linking healthcare and social service databases. Study design: Data on 4816 children under the age of 18 years registered with the Child Protection Registry and matching health records in public hospitals in Hong Kong from 2003 to 2010 were extracted. Associations were examined between different types of child maltreatment and child's medical diagnosis according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision codes including suicidal attempt (X60-X84), nonchild maltreatment related injuries (S00-S99; T00-T98, excluding T74 and T76 that are maltreatment related injuries), mental health problems (F00-F99), and congenital malformations/chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99). Results: Significant rising trends were found for child physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse during the period from 2003 to 2010. Psychological abuse remained stable. Risk of suicide attempt was higher among children suffering from sexual abuse, psychological abuse, and children experiencing multiple abuses; mental health diagnoses were more common in victims of psychological and multiple abuses. Congenital malformations and chromosomal abnormalities were more commonly found among neglected children. Conclusions: In contrast to the decreasing trend observed in the West during the study period, there has been an escalating trend in child maltreatment in Hong Kong and child maltreatment is strongly associated with major health problems. This is one of the first studies to demonstrate the power of linking healthcare and social service databases, which allows for both a better understanding of the impact of child maltreatment and as a guide future policy and service planning.",
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Linking Healthcare and Social Service Databases to Study the Epidemiology of Child Maltreatment and Associated Health Problems : Hong Kong's Experience. / Lo, Camilla Kin Ming; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing; Chan, Edward Ko Ling; Wong, Wilfred Hing Sang; Wong, Rosa Sze Man; Chow, Chun Bong; Tsang, Anita Man Ching; Tso, Winnie Wan Yee; Ip, Patrick.

In: Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 202, 01.11.2018, p. 291-299.e1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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