A defectless hexagonal air-silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) structure with its central hole selectively filled by a low-refractive-index liquid is numerically analyzed. Despite the fact that the refractive index of the liquid is significantly lower than that of silica, we found an optimal range of waveguide parameters to ensure light guidance through the liquid core in the fundamental mode, maximizing the light-liquid interaction over a desired wavelength range. Using the vectorial finite element method (FEM), we report detailed parametric studies in terms of the effective index, chromatic dispersion, optical loss, and modal intensity distribution of the liquid core PCFs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics