Liquid crystal alignment properties on surface-reformed solution-derived lanthanum-doped zinc oxide films

Ju Hwan Lee, Jonghoon Won, Hae Chang Jeong, Dong Hyun Kim, Dong Wook Lee, Byeong Yun Oh, Jeong Min Han, Tae Wan Kim, Dae-Shik Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Liquid crystal (LC) alignment characteristics were investigated using a solution-derived lanthanum-doped zinc oxide (La:ZnO) film that was exposed to various intensities of ion-beam (IB) irradiation. At an IB intensity of 1700 eV, uniform and homogeneous LC alignment was achieved, as revealed by cross-polarized optical microscopy and pre-tilt angle measurement. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to verify that the IB irradiation induced physical and chemical surface reformation of the La:ZnO film that relate to LC alignment. FE-SEM and AFM revealed that the IB irradiation reformed the existing surface structure into a new structure with an altered surface roughness. The XPS results showed that the van der Waals force with anchoring energy increased as the IB intensity increased, and this profoundly affected the state of LC alignment. The capacitance-voltage (C-V) hysteresis curve was measured as a function of IB intensity to characterize the accumulated charge as a residual DC. Nearly zero C-V hysteresis was achieved at an IB intensity of 1700 eV. Therefore, a solution-derived La:ZnO film with an IB intensity of 1700 eV has great potential for high-quality LC applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-40
Number of pages9
JournalSoft Materials
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 2

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Zinc Oxide
Lanthanum
Liquid Crystals
Zinc oxide
lanthanum
zinc oxides
Liquid crystals
Ion beams
Oxide films
oxide films
ion beams
liquid crystals
alignment
Irradiation
Field emission
irradiation
Hysteresis
field emission
Atomic force microscopy
Capacitance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Lee, Ju Hwan ; Won, Jonghoon ; Jeong, Hae Chang ; Kim, Dong Hyun ; Lee, Dong Wook ; Oh, Byeong Yun ; Han, Jeong Min ; Kim, Tae Wan ; Seo, Dae-Shik. / Liquid crystal alignment properties on surface-reformed solution-derived lanthanum-doped zinc oxide films. In: Soft Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 32-40.
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Liquid crystal alignment properties on surface-reformed solution-derived lanthanum-doped zinc oxide films. / Lee, Ju Hwan; Won, Jonghoon; Jeong, Hae Chang; Kim, Dong Hyun; Lee, Dong Wook; Oh, Byeong Yun; Han, Jeong Min; Kim, Tae Wan; Seo, Dae-Shik.

In: Soft Materials, Vol. 17, No. 1, 02.01.2019, p. 32-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Won, Jonghoon

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AU - Lee, Dong Wook

AU - Oh, Byeong Yun

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AU - Kim, Tae Wan

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